StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Memory, Thinking, and Intelligence UNIT 4 IP - Essay Example

Extract of sample
Memory, Thinking, and Intelligence UNIT 4 IP

Although Spearman's Intelligence Model is a useful guide to the comprehension and measurement of the phenomenon of human intelligence, Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Model is both more precise and comprehensive, rendering it more consistent with psychology today.
Spearman's Model of Intelligence maintains human intelligence to be comprised of two factors. These are General Intelligence, "g," and Specific Intelligence, "s" (Deary et al., 2004). General Intelligence refers to the general performance of individuals across a wide variety of tasks and is a measurement of their capacity to assimilate and utilise information/knowledge. Specific intelligence, on the other hand, refers to the performance of individuals on specific tasks, as in their gift, or lack thereof, in certain areas (Deary et al., 2004). Specific intelligence, as Spearman contends, and as may be inferred from both definitions, is partially predicated upon general intelligence, with the inference here being that general intelligence supports and promotes specific intelligence. Spearman established the correlation between the two through mathematical formulae (Deary et al., 2004).
Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Models can be defined as a step beyond Spearman's Model of Intelligence and identified as a more evolved model. ...
These are (1) verbal/linguistic; (2) musical; (3) logical/mathematical; (4) visual/spatial; (5) bodily kinaesthetic; (6) interpersonal; (7) intrapersonal; and (9) naturalist (Shearer, 2004; Jie-Qi Chen, 2004). A review of Gardner's different intelligence types indicates that his theory of intelligence is consistent with Spearman's insofar as he similarly identifies and defines specific intelligences. The primary difference between the two, and as attested to by Jie-Qi Chen (2004) is that Gardner specifies the different types of specific intelligence. It is, thus, that his model can be identified as a progression of the Spearman model.
The value of Gardner's model of intelligence lies in the fact that it recognises the complexity of the human intelligence phenomenon, and concedes to the fact that an individual can display gifted intelligence levels in one area while exhibiting below average intelligence levels in another. Shearer draws attention to this particular aspect of the Gardner Multiple Intelligences Model Shearer (2004) and highlights the fact that it builds upon the Spearman one. Quite simply stated, the Gardner model focuses upon the factor of specific intelligences and identifies and defines them. More importantly, by defining and identifying the various types of specific intelligences, Gardner furnishes an explanation as to why some individuals are highly gifted in a particular skill set, such as mathematics, while being under-skilled in other areas, such as bodily kinaesthetic.
In attempting to determine which of the two models is more consistent with the study of psychology today, one is bound to, as are Brten and Strms (2005) favour the Gardner model. As Brten and Strms (2005) contend, psychology has, ...Show more

Summary

The phenomenon of intelligence is, to say the least, quite complex. While the majority agree to its general definition as a measurement or indicator of an individual's capacity to absorb information and perform well on a variety of tasks, there remains a lack of consensus on the different types of intelligence…
Author : qhartmann
Memory, Thinking, and Intelligence UNIT 4 IP essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Memory, Thinking, and Intelligence UNIT 4 IP"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

EDU 636 IP 4
I am assigned with the task to identify the various modes of distance learning that the organisation could possibly deploy and to define parameters on basis of which we could select the most appropriate mode(s). 1.2. Why this case is important: Trends in distance learning Distance learning is increasingly gaining importance around the world.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Memory, Thinking, and Intelligence
Everyday intelligence can best be defined as practical and social intelligence. It is the mental ability to assimilate and process social information. Several behaviours are indicative of everyday intelligence, some of which are listed below: Sternberg proposes a theory of intelligence which he labelled the triarchic theory of intelligence.' This theory divides intelligence into three types.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
BUS IP 4
This outline should be at least one page long. You can use a traditional outline (Roman Numerals, followed by alphabetical letters and then regular numbers). Remember this is an outline and should not include sentences or essays. At the end of the
3 pages (750 words) Essay
UNIT 5-IP
It would be superfluous to mention that brainstorming has been used by experts in different fields, such as: the military, education, business, and government, to plan, design, develop, implement, and evaluate projects. Having a variety of experiences gives
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Unit 3 IP
The developments in the technological fields have enabled the companies to adopt the changing environment and become efficient in terms of business processes. Different software
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Unit 3 -IP- Samples
Descriptive results indicate that the means of the two variables are similar. In total, there are twenty five samples of each variable. Their means are similar: the mean of the legal services satisfaction is 5.232, whereas
2 pages (500 words) Essay
IP 4
Starting from that time, iPhone has taken over from walkman and got into the society and impacted considerably in our social culture (McKeon & Pollan, 2006). IPhone was targeted at the young
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Project management ip 4
Opportunity assessment involves analyzing various factors that can lead to success for a project. For example, accessibility of the project
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Biology Lab ip 4
Glycogenesis is the process through which glycogen stored in the body tissues is converted into glucose when the blood glucose goes down. Blood glucose can go down during starvation or intense exercises thus through glycogenesis,
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
IP 4 English
The mobility of information collection has never been possible before the usage of Smartphones. At one point, people all around the world use Smartphones to
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation