StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu
  • Home
  • Subjects
  • Miscellaneous
  • DISCUSS THE AETIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS WITH RESPECT TO ITS PRESENTATION IN THE FOOT

DISCUSS THE AETIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS WITH RESPECT TO ITS PRESENTATION IN THE FOOT - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
DISCUSS THE AETIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS WITH RESPECT TO ITS PRESENTATION IN THE FOOT

The disease, which lasts over a long period of time, can cause damage to cartilage, bone, tendons and ligaments (DynoMed.com, 2000).
Foot deformities are very common in RA. These deformities may affect patient functional foot, especially hallux rigidus and calcaneal valgus (Bal, et al. 2006). Human foot is more susceptible to arthritis because the human foot contains 33 joints. About 90 percent of RA patients will complain of problems with the midfoot and forefoot while 67 percent will have problems with the hindfoot and ankle. The ankle is usually the last joint to be involved with RA (DynoMed.com, 2000).
RA causes inflammation in the lining (synovium) of joints, most often the joints of the feet. The most common symptoms of RA in the foot are pain, swelling, and stiffness. Symptoms usually appear in several joints on both feet. The signs of inflammation can also include a feeling of warmth around affected joints. In some patients, chronic inflammation results in damage to the cartilage and bones in the joint. Serious damage can lead to permanent joint destruction, deformity, and disability (FootPhysicans.com, 2007). With the progress in the disease the feeling of pain in the joint or in the sole or ball of the foot will increase. The joint may be warm and the way the patient walk may be affected. In addition the patient may develop corns or bunions, and the toes can begin to curl and stiffen in positions called claw toe or hammer toe. Corns, or even ulcers, may develop on the foot.

Metatarsalgia, a general term for pain in the sole or the ball of the foot, is also very common. This indicates that RA is affecting the metatarsal joints of the toes. Hindfoot and ankle pain often involves the posterior tibial tendon. The ankle itself is usually the last joint in the foot to be involved with RA (DynoMed.com, 2000).

As the disease progresses in the foot region, the joint space becomes narrow and bone begins to rub on bone, leading to painful arthritis. Besides, deformities may occur resulting in loosening of the ligaments and capsule lining of the joint. If the housing of the joint or the capsule loosens up considerably, the joints mostly in front of the foot may dislocate. This can cause painful swelling on the bottom of the ball of the foot that can make walking even more terribly uncomfortable. Later the big toe begins to deviate and bunions may form on the inside of the big toe (footandankle.mdmercy.com, N.D.).

In cases where the hindfoot (back of the foot) and ankle are affected, the bones may shift position in the joints. This can cause the long arch on the bottom of your foot to collapse (flatfoot), resulting in severe pain and difficulty walking. Because RA affects the entire system, the patient may also feel feverish, tire easily, and lose appetite (AAOS, 2001).

AETIOLOGY
The exact cause for RA is still unknown, but there are many thoughts about what might contribute to it. A sudden and traumatic injury such as a broken bone, torn ligament, or ankle sprain can cause the injured joint to become arthritic in the future. According to Cotran et al, (1994)"...RA is triggered by exposure of an immuno-genetically susceptible host to an arthritogenic microbial antigen". Heredity, or the genes from the parents, may be a determining factor in who gets rheumatoid arthritis. Roth explains that this "genetic predisposition appears to be related to the ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“DISCUSS THE AETIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS WITH Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/288491-discuss-the-aetiology-and-pathology-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-respect-to-its-presentation-in-the-foot
(DISCUSS THE AETIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS WITH Essay)
https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/288491-discuss-the-aetiology-and-pathology-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-respect-to-its-presentation-in-the-foot.
“DISCUSS THE AETIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS WITH Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/288491-discuss-the-aetiology-and-pathology-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-respect-to-its-presentation-in-the-foot.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints. RA is a chronic inflammatory disease that causes pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints, frequently symmetrical (if one foot has it, the other one will)…
DISCUSS THE AETIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS WITH RESPECT TO ITS PRESENTATION IN THE FOOT
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"DISCUSS THE AETIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS WITH RESPECT TO ITS PRESENTATION IN THE FOOT"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

The Standards of Care of a Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis
The typical pattern of joint and soft tissue swelling suggests that the patient is following an aggressive and polyarticular course. She was diagnosed for RA 16 weeks ago. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory disorder leading to a chronic destructive polyarthritis.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Rheumatoid arthritis
This paper wills discuss the occurrence of RA, the causes and risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options. In addition, the paper will analyze the effects of the condition on occupational performance of the affected person. Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a persistent, chronic inciting disease that may cause noteworthy disability and joint pain.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Pathology
Tissue process entails the diffusion of several substances out of and into stable porous tissues. The clinical use of tissue processing is always intended at generating thermodynamic tendency that can equalise concentration found either outside or inside a block of tissues (Shi, Cote and Chaiwun 1999, p.96).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Critiquing and Evaluating a Rheumatoid Arthritis qualitative research paper
People who suffer from health conditions that take long to cure are addressed in this domain of treatment as they involve different conditions of health and are given different medication overtime to recover their health. The domain analyses all the processes through which a person have to go to realize their better condition.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Arthritis
Poor treatment of arthritis can misshape the joint and can ultimately destroy the bone placement. Patients having arthritis also experience symptoms of agony and tiredness. If not treated appropriately, arthritis can deteriorate the level of physical disability.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Rheumatoid Arthritis Exercises
Approximately 0.8% of the population is affected by RA. Statistics from different population in terms of prevalence are in the ranges of 0.3% to 2.1%. It has been observed that this disease has a female preponderance with women being affected three times more than the men.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Critical review of Rheumatoid arthritis
The potential of a synovial inflammation to cause cartilage damage and bone erosions and subsequent in joint integrity is the hallmark of the disease, but can also affect other organ systems. (Fauci, Longo and Kasper, 2005). The cause of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is unknown.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Discuss the role of the Foot Posture Index in the clinical assessment of the foot. Is this a reliable measure
Therefore, a three dimensional shape creation of the foot is very important when it comes to designing a shoe, or a good protective covering for the foot (Johnson, R. A., & Wichern, D. W., 1992). One can use
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Physical activity and quality of life in subjects with chronic disease: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease compared with rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes mellitus
Chronic diseases are the leading cause of high mortality rates and poor health in United States (Arne et al 146). In 2005, more than 70% of people aged over thirty years were suffering from chronic diseases (Arne et al 146). Consequently, this leads to the
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Pathology
The liver is an important organ significant in a number of metabolic processes that include detoxification, deamination among others. In cases where the individual is a chronic drunkard, the liver may suffer irreversible damage as the liver tries to get rid of the
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic DISCUSS THE AETIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS WITH RESPECT TO ITS PRESENTATION IN THE FOOT for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us