StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Johannas Kepler - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet
Kepler's epistemology was profoundly concerned with astronomical practice, with methodological issues, and with the results of their application to the serious problems of late-renaissance astronomy. Kepler not only was able to ask questions in a way that no one had before asked, but he was able to provide answers to those questions that even now are worthy of continued study. From this perspective, Kepler was less the last great cosmologist of the classical tradition that includes Ptolemy and Copernicus; more was he the first cosmologist of the modern tradition.
In the middle of the sixteenth century, fourteen centuries after the death of Ptolemy (c. A.D. 100-170), his Almagest still dominated all of astronomy. With the renaissance of interest in the works of the ancients, the relevance of the Ptolemy's great work had not only not diminished, but was on the increase (van Helden, 42). But by the end of the sixteenth century and the beginning of the seventeenth the Ptolemaic system was facing serious challenges. The subsequent revolutionary transformation from the geocentric to the heliocentric worldview has been almost universally attributed to the works of Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543). Copernican astronomy is best known for the radical proposition that the Earth is in motion about the Sun rather than vice versa. Copernican heliocentrism emerged from a profound dissatisfaction with the fundamental principles upon which Ptolemy had based his system of the heavens. In particular, the Ptolemaic assumption of the punctum equans Copernicus viewed as contrary to the admissible explanations for the true motions of the planets. The punctum equans, or equant point, is an eccentric point about which the planet is supposed to subtend a uniform angular speed. Historically, published in 1956, Johannes Kepler's first and evidently most influencial astronomical work Mysterium Cosmographicum was the first major treatise after Copernicus' De revolutionibus to argue for heliocentrism (Gingerich, 347). Although Kepler has been defending the theory of Copernicus from the very beginning, with Mysterium Cosmographicum scientist provided a new kind of theory of the planets. His theory of the planets has been classified as new because it was the product of the first explicit and thorough attempt to consistently unify the epistemological structures of the hitherto divergent sciences of astronomy and physics (Koyre, 119). Kepler's objective in Mysterium Cosmographicum was nothing less than the development of a theory of the absolute structure of the world system. Kepler was certainly not the first to attempt to provide a general cosmographic account of the planets, that is, an account that seeks to explain the proportions of the universe as a whole. Both Ptolemy's and Copernicus' respective theories each maintain not only an ordering of the planetary orbs, but contain estimates of the ratios of their dimensions. But in the theory of Ptolemy these estimates are empirically underdetermined because of the independence of each planetary hypothesis, and in the theory of Copernicus, the estimates are strictly a posteriori consequences of the heliocentric hypothesis and, because of their reliance on Ptolemaic observations and mathematical constructions, no better corroborated ...Show more

Summary

Being one of the most influencial theorists in astronomy and mathematics of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) established and developed unique scientific method to astronomy, which later led Mittelstrass to explain that Copernican Revolution would be better named the Keplerian Revolution (Mittelstrass, 205)…
Author : goodwinwallace
Johannas Kepler essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Johannas Kepler"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Go to www.zooniverse.org. and write 200 words on each of FOUR of these different sites
Observations are provided to the public in form of frequency overlays. A terrestrial signal represents a continuous signal with little interference or a signal that shows a proper pattern, therefore, indicating that the source has some control over the broadcasted signal.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Three Laws in One Life
Best known as the astronomer who explained planetary motion, Johannes Kepler was born at 2:30pm on December 27, 1571, in Weil der Stadt, Wrttemburg, in the Holy Roman Empire of German nationality. His parents were poor - his father worked as a mercenary and his mother, an inn-keeper's daughter, was known for her involvement in witchcraft.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
History essay
A revolution may either be big or small but all revolutions have the same underpinning: they are born out of a crisis in which the older paradigm is besieged by issues which cannot be resolved within its structural parameters giving rise
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Astronomy
In ancient civilizations constellations were used for astrology or myths. Astrology is where stars and planets are tracked in order to predict an individual or society’s future. Constellations like Orion, Mars, and Jupiter
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Introduction to Astronomy: NASA Kepler Mission
It is also due to this invaluable research that we know the various planets and celestial bodies that exist in the universe. To make these researches
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Europa's Subsurface Hydrothermal Vents, 'Super-Earth', Eccentricity of Saturn etc,
Bii, Lipps and Riebold (2005, p.3) insists that the changes within the hydrothermal departments are enough to produce life, as proven by photographs of fish and other life forms in such
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Lunar Surface
("Lunar Prospector") Tycho is considered to be a very young crater by comparison to many others. Archimedes on the other hand is
2 pages (500 words) Essay
The Evolution of Modern Astronomy
This discussion will focus on a rhetorical analysis of four writers and how they have applied various concepts of writing to express issues ascribed to evolution of astronomy. Specifically, the discussion will provide a
3 pages (750 words) Essay
First Draft about crepe restaurant in Japan
In addition, it will offer a range of meals for breakfast, lunch, dinner, as well as variety of desserts. Political risk is a reality in the restaurant business just like other
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Discovering Science Thorough the Media
As BBC informs, newly discovered planets are more than too times larger than an Earth and are covered with rocks; the climate on their surface is not characterized by temperature
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation