A social idea, literature, art of the Renaissance resolutely rejected medieval dogmas about the necessity of hourly humility of spirit and body, detachment from all the real, obedient expectations of the moment when a man will pass to the next world. Instead, it addressed to a man with his ideas, feelings and passions, to his life in this world with its pleasures and sufferings.
The state where Danish prince lives pining from its defects, is invented Denmark. Shakespeare wrote about contemporary England. Everything in his play - heroes, ideas, problems, and characters - belongs to the society in which his lived.
"Hamlet" has with so deep philosophical contents, such grandiose human characters are created in the tragedy, that ideas and feelings of the writer became close to not only his contemporaries, but also the people of other historical periods.
It is possible to understand the hero of any drama reasoning from logic of the drama. But it is not about Hamlet. Not without reason other heroes of the tragedy compare today's Hamlet to yesterday's Hamlet. How could a normal person get mad in one night And was he really mad It is commonly considered to be one of the most difficult questions of the tragedy. However I want to prove, that there is no so-called "Shakespeare's tragedy's riddle and any sane schoolchild, having read the play attentively, would give answers to the questions "Why does Hamlet pretend to be mad" and "Why does he postpone the realization of the revenge provided that he is not confused with numerous authoritative statements on this account.
Let's turn to these statements. "In "Hamlet", - wrote G. Branders, - there is no general sense or the idea of the whole in the play. Definiteness was not that ideal which rushed before Shakespeare's eyes". K. Fisher agrees with him: "The tragedy "Hamlet" really looks like a labyrinth". Ten Brick: "Hamlet remains to be a secret, but invincibly attractive secret owing to our consciousness, that it is not artificial thought up, but a secret having the source in the nature". Dawden: "But Shakespeare has created a secret which has remained an element forever stimulating it and never quite understandable. Therefore it is impossible to assume that any idea, or the magic phrase might resolve the difficulties represented by a drama or illuminate the dark in it." A. Vigotsky: " It is very easy to show, that the riddle is drawn in the tragedy, that the tragedy is deliberately constructed as a riddle, that it should be comprehended and understood as a riddle which is not giving in to logic interpretation". Zhykovsky: " Shakespeare's masterpiece seems a monster to me. I do not understand its sense". L. Tolstoy: " There is no opportunity to find any explanation to acts and speeches of Hamlet". Walter went further by declaring "Hamlet" in the preface of one of his tragedies to be a "Delirium of the chronic alcoholic".
Similar statements wander from one research to another, in order to sing in unison with the colleagues: "Darkly, confusing, unclear, but how philosophically deep". And the easiest way to explain Hamlet's behaviour was to say that he was "a lunatic", "a chronic alcoholic and so on. However, some critics such as Taylor, Damrosch looked deeper in the psychological world of Hamlet, so did I after reading the play for several times. I would like to share my thoughts and give a thorough analysis of Hamlet's