StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Hronic disease - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Hronic disease

This figure represents one third of the global burden of disease, and is twice the number of deaths from all infectious diseases1, maternal and perinatal conditions, and nutritional deficiencies combined. This situation is very serious - chronic disease affects not only public health, but society and the economy as well. Chronic disease is currently the most significant cause of death world-wide, and there is no indication that the rapid increase in incidence of chronic disease is likely to slow down in the near future. Every year, approximately 17 million people die prematurely due to chronic disease.
Furthermore, WHO have projected that death due to noncommunicable disease will increase from 61% in 2005 to 68% by 2030, while death due to communicable, perinatal and nutritional causes is likely to decrease from 30% in 2005 to 22% by 2030.
In 2005, cardiovascular disease accounted for approximately 30% (17.5 million) of deaths due to noncommunicable disease. Cancer accounted for 7.6 million and diabetes for 1.2 million deaths in the same year. Analysis of Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)2, the most widely used summary measure of the burden of disease, shows that nearly half of the global burden of disease is caused by noncommunicable diseases, compared with 13% by injuries and 39% by communicable diseases, maternal and perinatal, and nutritional deficiencies combined.
Contrary to commo...
WHO estimates that in 2005, 80% of deaths due to chronic disease occurred in low and middle countries. Nine nations were examined in detail: Brazil, Canada, China, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the Tanzanian Union Republic.
Their results indicate that the previously common belief that low and middle income countries should focus on controlling infectious diseases, while high income countries should focus on chronic, noncommunicable diseases, is a misleading one. In countries with low and moderate economic development, the causes of death by chronic disease are mainly cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer. However, the results of the WHO studies also suggest that low and middle income countries are now facing a more serious dilemma, in that these countries are experiencing increasing incidences of both chronic noncommunicable and infectious disease simultaneously, particularly in urban areas.




Chronic disease was once limited to the elderly. However WHO studies have shown that people in low and middle income countries begin suffering from chronic diseases with preventable complications sooner, and are dying earlier, than those in high income countries. According to WHO, at least half of the deaths due to chronic disease occur in people under 70 years of age, and around 25% in people under 60.

In China, chronic disease has begun to appear in significant proportions in young people as well as the elderly - 85% of cases of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer now affect those aged 14-64. The Chinese minister of disease control and prevention, Mr. Qi Xiao Qiu, has said that at present, the burden of disease in China is noncommunicable disease. Recent national reports suggest there are at least 160 ...Show more

Summary

The rapid rise of chronic, noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes, stroke, cancer, and chronic respiratory diseases represents a major challenge in global development. Due to their increasing prevalence, chronic diseases have been called "the hidden communicable diseases"…
Author : arielleauer
Hronic disease essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Hronic disease"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Chronic disease
First of all, stop eating foods high in fat and cholesterol and try a healthier diet. As a consequence, this leads onto the problem of being overweight. Once someone’s diet improves then body weight will naturally decrease. An extension of this is an increase in physical activity because extra energy will be used up thus reducing body weight.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Huntington Disease
It generally becomes detectable in mid-adult life. It is the most usual genetic reason of abnormal involuntary twisting motions called chorea, that’s why it is often referred as Huntington's chorea. Huntington’s disease is very much common in Western European descendents than in those of African or Asian ancestry.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Alzheimer disease
AD can be a progressive disease in which there is cognitive impairment, language problems, mood swings, belligerence, and other issues. This research paper will seek to analyze and assess the nature of the disease. Working of the Brain The human brain has neurons and synapses that help to improve cognitive and physical functions.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Disease
In many instances, the outbreaks have severely strained both the local and national resources during periods when health care expenditure in the economically developed states has been restrained. Emerging illness is a phrase that has been utilized with augmenting occurrence to delineate the appearance of an unidentified contagion, or a beforehand identified contagion that expanded to a new ecological niche or a geographical area (Howard & Fletcher, 2012).
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Disease
Whenever such movements of stomach acids likes the hydrochloric acid that help in the digestion of food leaks from the stomach back to the esophagus, the mucus lining of the wall prevent them from corroding the esophagus. Additionally, such backward movement of stomach and intestinal acids are rare since the digestion system has a mechanism of enclosing both the stomach and the intestines thus preventing such occurrences.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Gaucher's disease
researchers, it is considered lipoid granulomatosis of the reticuloendothelial system. (Shwartz, pg. 1935) The reticuloendothelial cells reside in the red bone marrow where the production and maturation of example, joint pain, increase in white blood cell, edema in bone and cartilage, and death of femoral bone may be misdiagnosed to arthritis, chronic granulocytic leukaemia, osteochondritis, and Perthe's disease respectively.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Parkinson's Disease
s, such as tremor, flexed posture, impaired postural reflexes, bearing characterized by forward leaning, a mask like facial expression, and changes in handwriting. With the progression of the disease and consequent neuro-degeneration, patients may be unable to move (Alexi,
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Ebola disease
The latter occurrence was the renamed Ebola River. Ebola assumes an incubation period of two 2 to 25 days before the onset of the symptoms. The prior symptoms consist of muscle pain, fever fatigue, sore throat and headache. These are closely followed by
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Cholera disease
Cholera is an acute infectious disease that results from disease-causing bacteria referred to as Vibrio cholera (Hays, 2009). It is associated with a production of
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Alzheimer's Disease
Other words, due to this specific of the disease, a person with Alzheimer’s experiences great changes of a personality during the
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation