The results are presented to understand the gender influences in the issue.Inspite of the hard work by the students in the learning process , the high grades obtained by them are also influenced by the factors like setting proper priorities, maintaining pleasing attitudes and demonstrating acceptable behavioral practices. And., it is reported that the proportion of students that falls in the above category is only 40 % of the school population (Nelson et al, 2001). It is equally surprising that atleast a quarter of the high school leaving children felt unhappy and supportless and another 15 percent have the history of either attempting or committing suicide (Nelson et al, 2001). A closer introspection clearly reveals that the contributory factors for such disturbing situations are tobacco addiction, alcohol abuse, wide variation in the mental state like depression and bipolar disorder, unbearable loss of loved one, humiliation and easy access to very lethal systems (Nelson et al, 2001). Among these, addiction to tobacco is found to be the easiest trap to which students easily fell due to the easiness in availability of the products and relatively lower social stigma attached to this habit when compared to others in the list. Thus this research study is undertaken with the objective to investigate how the academic performance in schools are affected as a result of addiction, more specifically to tobacco smoking.
Background for tobacco addiction
A research study carried out among a set of school children have given wide ranging reasons for getting addicted to the tobacco products, mostly for smoking (Dongre et al, 2008). It says that nearly 50 percent of the students succumb to smoking in school due to the peer pressure. The next contributing factor is for curiosity to explore the "pleasures" in the process. A small fraction of students, about 8 percent, resort to tobacco claiming it to have a curative value (Dongre et al, 2008). Another research conducted to understand the psychosocial predictors in the onset of the tobacco smoking shows a strong relationship with four different factors. These are categorized as social and interpersonal factors, attitudinal and personal belief factors, previous use of various unacceptable substances and intra-personal reasons (Flay et al, 1998). The investigators have observed that in most of the cases the trials or the eagerness to experience the pleasure said to have generated as a result of smoking habits in the peers, free offers of cigarettes by friends, the grades obtained in the school and exposure to other forms of drugs and alcohol establishes in them an interest towards cigarette smoking. Further consolidation of the smoking habit , along their growth, is strongly influenced by the reason like smoking prevalence among parents and frequent occurrence of disturbing incidence in the family. It is also concluded that these predictors might show marked degree of variation across different stages of smoking (Flay et al, 1998).
In a separate study conducted on the school children to understand the reasons and time of initiation of smoking showed that 60 percent of the sampled students admitted to have smoked one full cigarette. It was also found that 11 percent of them started the habit at an age 10 years or lower. Further, the study also highlights that, younger the age of initiation of smoking, higher is the number of cigarettes they smoked at the older age (Everett et al, 1999). The consolidation of smoking behavior was also reported to occur at an