StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Industrial Relations in Australia - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
The growth of unions is recognised as being a cyclical process that is also structural and institutional (Griffin & Svenson, 1996). Economic factors affect union density due to the affect on demand for labor. Demographic variables, such as female participation in the workforce, the rise of minority group participation, increased education access and outcomes, population shifts into cities, affect the composition of industries. Theses factors also affect the increase in part-time and casual positions as opposed to the traditional full-time opportunities. There has also been rapid growth in the sectors of industry which are not traditionally have unionism as a focus, for example retail and services, parallel to this there has been a dramatic decrease in the traditional union affiliated industries, such as manufacturing. All these factors combine to affect the structural nature of union density. Finally, laws, their enforcement or lack of (due to low penalties for example) and the type of government in power all affect the institutional nature of union density.
The demand-side model expresses the situation of decreasing union density in economic terms (Wooden, 1999). Workers trade off returns from unions (i.e., wages, benefits, better working conditions and job security) against costs (i.e., dues, rules and potential job insecurity).

2. Role of the Federal Minister of Employment and Workplace Relations
The Department of Employment and Workforce Relations is responsible for delivering to the Government a high standard of advice, programmes and services to achieve more efficient and effective labour market assistance, higher productivity and wages, and to increase workforce participation (Department of Employment and Industrial Relations, 2006). At present, the Honorable John Hockey MP is the Minister of Employment and Workplace Relations. His responsibilities as portfolio Minister includes accountability for all the matters that are covered in the portfolio, such as Cabinet matters, as well as the specific responsibility of maintaining policy issues that relate to employment and or workplace relations (Employment Workplace and Relations Media Centre, 2007). These issues include; the Workplace Relations Act 1996, occupational health and safety, worker's compensation and affirmative action. He is also to take responsibility for institutional arrangements that are undertaken in accordance with the Workplace Relations Act 1996, these include; the Office of the Employment Advocate; the Australian Industrial Relations Commission; and workplace relations reform in industry sectors. Additionally, Minister Hockey has the role of assisting the Prime Minister in Public Service issues.
The Minister can intercede in the public interest of a matter before the Full Bench (of the AIRC) on behalf of the Commonwealth by providing written notice to the Industrial Registrar (S102 (1)) (Commonwealth Consolidated Acts, 2005). Also, Minister Hockey can provide written notice to the Registrar to intervene in public interest in matters before the Australian Industrial Relations Commission when those issues involve public sector employment (S102 (2))( Commonwealth Consolidated Acts, 2005). This reinforces the Minister's commitment to creating more jobs with higher wages, and to ...Show more


Australian union membership numbers are termed union density. Union density has been seen as in crisis for the past three years (Peetz, 1990). It peaked in 1959 (58%) and was a reported 23% in 2004. In 1996 the Workplace Relations Act (WRA) was introduced and has since made it much more difficult for unions to recruit, due to closed shop workplaces being made illegal and the Australian Workplace Agreements (AWA) being made more popular…
Author : hamilllanden
Industrial Relations in Australia essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Industrial Relations in Australia"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

The State Should Take No Part in Employment Relations, Leaving It Entirely to Employers and Their Employees
In this paper it will be discussed that is it appropriate to say that the state should not take part in employment relation, rather they should be entirely left on the employers and the employees. In this context various aspects have been studied regarding the role of government that takes place in employment relations.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Employment/Industrial relations. Compare Australia's WorkChoices legislation and Fair Work Act
There was a change from the awarding and collective negotiation agreements to the individual contracts in employment. Previously there existed a long tradition of the centralised regulation related to wages by means of awards or agreements in Australia Industrial Relations Commission including both industry and national levels.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Industrial Relations Bachelor Essay
Possibly the most noteworthy change has been the change in the level at which bargaining occurred, from an almost elite focus on industry- and economy-wide contemplations ten years ago, in the direction of a hybrid system which puts much emphasis on the venture and workplace (Whitehill, 1998).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Industrial Relations in Australia College Essay
Industrial relations systems and wages setting have been enhanced by this system also known as work choice, which came into operation in 2006. Industrial relation society of Australia which was formed in 1965 is a federation of the State and Territory Relation Society it brings together the representative of management, trade unionists, government services and professional together with the special lists in the various academic disciplines considered with industrial relation and seeks to develop an integrated approach to industrial relations.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Industrial Relations
Companies with strong employee relations benefit because their employees are highly motivated to expand their best efforts. In exchange the employees expect to be treated fairly and recognized for their achievements. The new concept of productivity needs a wider and broader set of indicators, which could reflect the new parameters and elements.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Industrial Relations in Australia Essay
The Court has the authority to handle and resolve the industrial disputes beyond the limit and jurisdiction of any state. The analysts have agreed that the establishment of the courts specifically for the resolution and strengthening of the industrial relations has been responsible for the economic growth and development of the state and the country.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Industrial Relations
e the spin of the century now play a less critical function, and the systems of honor that maintain to be administered by the assorted tribunals are less central to the fortitude of wages and stipulations. Possibly the most noteworthy change has been the change in the level at
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Employment Relations 3 ESSAY
y referred to as a “worker”) and an “employer” for whom the “employee” performs work under certain conditions in return for remuneration (The Employment Relationship: Fifth Item on the Agenda 2005, p. 3). The interference of the Australian government in the
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The state should take no part in employment relations, leaving it entirely to employers and their employees. Discuss with reference to the modern Australian workplace
In this context various aspects have been studied regarding the role of government that takes place in employment relations. It is understandable that there are certain laws that have helped the
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Industrial Relations (Employee Relations)
Industrial relations nurture productivity of the organisation and productivity of management. The following is a discussion of employee voice and its effects in the industry (Dabscheck, 1980). Employee voice is a term used to refer to the concept of employee participation
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Industrial Relations in Australia for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
  • About StudentShare

  • Testimonials

  • FAQ

  • Blog

  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays

  • The Newest Essay Topics
Join us:
Contact Us