StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Poverty in America - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Poverty in America

These figures imply that there are about 37 million people well below the poverty threshold as at end-2004.
In view of the above, steps on how to alleviate poverty in the country must be efficiently programmed. In order to address the heart of this matter, legislators and private sector should have an understanding of key issues regarding poverty and the poor people in the US. The lives of those people bordering or below the poverty line are controlled by myriad factors which should be taken into consideration. This paper provides an overview of the profile of poor people and discusses how economic and social factors such as availability of job opportunities, prevailing wage levels, single parenthood, level of education, housing, health, mental illness and substance abuse among others affect the poor in America.
The poverty line is defined by the Census Bureau as a threshold level of total money income, which includes wages and salaries, self-employment income, interest income, social security and welfare benefits, alimony and unemployment compensation, received by all family members on an annual basis. The threshold set varies depending on the number of adults and children in the family.
As at end-2004, a family with two parents and two children required $19,157 to be above poverty line. A family headed by a single parent with two children needed $15,219 to elude poverty. On the other hand, a single elderly person needed $9,060 to answer day-to-day needs. Those who fall within the said levels are deemed poor. (Cadena & Sallee)
As mentioned, poverty rate rose to 12.7% in 2004 from 12.5% in 2003. The increase in poverty is attributed to the decrease in real earnings. This means that, although relatively more people who wanted to work had jobs in 2004 than in the previous year, many have earned less after their earnings are adjusted for inflation. (Cadena & Sallee)
The median earnings fell by 1.0% and 2.3%, for women and men working full time, respectively. The increase in poverty level is also considered to be concentrated among native-born non-Hispanic white Americans between the ages of 18 and 64. (Cadena & Sallee)
Job Opportunities
One of the primary factors affecting poor people is the availability of suitable employment. This is vital since it is mainly from the earnings gained from working that people are able to meet their needs and required sustenance. It is observed though that limited job opportunities as well as the prevailing low wages contribute to the persistence of poverty in America ("Hunger and Poverty in the United States"). The minimal wage for unskilled workers and some employment barriers for poor job seekers are deemed to perpetuate poverty (Mangum, Mangum & Sum).
Albeit as much as 50% of all those considered living in poverty are actually working, their jobs pay minimal wages barely enough to cover their basic needs and that do not keep up with the rising inflation. In this regard, these people still fall under the poverty line. These conditions are aggravated by the fact that the working people in poverty are not able to receive social welfare benefits from the government as their earnings make them ineligible for government assistance. (Giddens)
In order to make ends meet, some people are forced to get an extra job. Given the rising cost of living, one job may not be ...Show more

Summary

Dubbed as the most powerful and one of the wealthiest nations in the world, the United States (US) continues to enjoy the benefits of being classified as a first world country. In this regard, it boasts of higher standards of living than most countries. However, despite its economic status, poverty is a reality that persistently haunts the US.
Author : devantekutch
Poverty in America essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Poverty in America"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Poverty in america
With the downward turn of the economy in 2008, the number of poor has increased greatly thus putting the problem back onto the table in a way that must be addressed. However, the conservative and liberal points of view are vastly difference, thus creating an almost paralyzing problem when promoting solutions to the problem.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Black Poverty in America
It deteriorates the purpose of well-being and charity and leaves a shallow scar on the government’s visage. Nevertheless, citizens do all they can to get rid of this evil by supporting the welfare organizations and going out of the way to support individual families.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Poverty in America
The author promotes Iceland’s concept of quasi-relative method of measuring poverty. It says that poverty is inflicted on the poor people not only due to their own shortcomings but also due to social bias, injustice in income due to their poverty and having more members in the family than they have the ability to support.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Poverty and wealth in South America
In 2004, for example, persons at or under the federal poverty level (FPL) numbered nearly 15 million personnel or 14.1% of the sum populace of the southeastern United States.1 One study points out those 11 Southern states are home to 30% of all Americans-yet lay claim to 34% of the nation poor.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Poverty and race in america
The place he chose, East Harlem, to conduct his study had been notorious for producing "violent felons" (pg 55) ever since it was founded by the Dutch. This Harlem Street also known as the 'kaleidoscopic sequence of racial additions' or 'league of nations' for it's vast variety of races (pg 56), was initially made famous by the Italians who sold 'Cocaine' and eventually became the hub for the Puerto Rican, Ray's activities at the time of the author's study.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Welfare and Poverty in America
But there are many communities and tribes in America, who are marginalized. They are yet to come to the mainstream politics, trade and economics. Most of America’s policies are aimed at the upper strata of the society. Though American government
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Poverty in Rural America
Race and ethnicity are important in the rural poverty phenomenon and social welfare and other efforts to try to assist the poor appear to have a limited and temporary impact. Charitable handouts cannot last forever
13 pages (3250 words) Essay
Poverty in America
The system of capitalism is the main cause of the significant poverty in the United States (US). The system often favors the individuals with strong economic status. This causes the poor to have difficulties in escaping their dire fiscal situation (Axelrod-Contrada, 2010).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Poverty in america
Grunwick Strike was 1976-1978 strike that started in the laboratories at Brent, North London and it was the first strike involving
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Poverty in America
The comprehensive report on poverty and inequality published by the Stanford Center on Poverty & Inequality revealed that “the official poverty rate for 2012 now stands at
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment