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Political theory - Essay Example
Author : lueilwitzjoesph
Pages 10 (2510 words)
In the following paper, Aristotle's polity and Machiavelli and Hobbes's theories on politics are discussed. A detailed analysis of each theory is given in comparison to each other and in comparisons Aristotle's polity. Finally, there is a detailed discussion on how and why Machiavelli and Hobbes's concepts on proper political legitimacy would not be parallel to Aristotle's application of human nature to produce adequate political schemes for each separate society.
Aristotle said there was a truth in each that had to be reconciled and it is. The 16th and 17th centuries saw the emergence of two political thoughts that proposed singular views on government and the structure of society. Niccolo Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes put forward their views and solutions on each and each directly influenced political ideology immensely. Each of them lived in a time and place of political turmoil, Machiavelli lived in Florence at a time of continuous political turmoil and Hobbes lived in England during its civil war. Aristotle, Hobbes and Machiavelli each designated in their works the best "practical" kind of government. For Aristotle, it was the aforementioned polity, while for Hobbes and Machiavelli; it was some sort of monarchy where there would be one sovereign or prince that would command all or a community that pledged it's obedience to a authority that promised protection.
Aristotle had a profound influence on political philosophy because he invoked challenging discussions of persistent concerns of political philosophy: the role of human nature in politics, the relation of the individual to the st ...