Educational Psychology, this involves using logical investigations to arrive at ways of understanding how adults and children think and behave as part of the educational system," http://www.psych-ed.org/index.htm
In spite of the famous saying that a human being remains a perpetual student all his life, till recently only children used to study.
A child starts learning much before his schooling. It is done intuitionally as the child is psychologically tuned to learning every moment, after it attains learning capability.
"In addition, the child has very strong motivation to learn. His motivation to learn stems from three sources: pleasure, power, and security. Sheer delight results from exploring, experimenting, finding out, observing, understanding, constructing. The child's urge to gain increased power in his daily practical world also pushes him toward greater understanding and competence. Finally, the child needs knowledge of what to expect next, in order to feel secure," (Isaacs, 1974, p.6).
Edward Thorndyke developed the psychological connectivism theory of learning. This theory is supposed to be representing the original S-R framework of behavioral psychology, which depends on learning with connectivity between stimuli and responses. The original theory was of trial and error learning and has three primary laws:
According to this theory, which mainly focuses on learning transfer from teacher to student, learning transfer mainly takes place when the situation and identical elements are both present. ...