Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), one of the most influential philosophers in the history of Western philosophy, has been celebrated for his great contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics. …
According to the Kantian ethics, people have the duty to act in certain ways even if it does not produce the best results. “The ethics of duty is rooted in Immanuel Kant's categorical imperative ‘Act only on that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law,’ which in turn is rooted in the belief that humans are rational beings capable of self-determination and self-governance. Every responsible person is therefore entitled to dignity and respect.” Thus, the views of Kant, who is the most important supporter in history of deontological ethics or the study of duty, insist that the single feature that gives an action moral value is the motive that is behind the action. Similarly, another central concept in Kant’s ethics is freedom which is an idea of reason that serves a crucial practical purpose. “Without the assumption of freedom, reason cannot act. If we think of ourselves as completely causally determined, and not as uncaused causes ourselves, then any attempt to conceive of a rule that prescribes the means by which some end can be achieved is pointless.”" (McCormick, 2006) In short, the concepts of freedom and duty are central to the Kantian ethics and the originality and uniqueness of Kant's ethical theory is that he celebrated a general criticism of previous ethical theories.
To comprehend the originality and uniqueness of Kant's ethical theory, it is essential to realize that he is a tough critic of previous ethical theories, especially the theory of utilitarianism. He is undisputed master of ethical theory and he finds good will as the only good thing in the world. He goes on to associate the concept of good will with actions from duty which have the only true moral value in life. Therefore, Kant associates "good will in some way with acting from duty and claims that only actions done from duty have true moral worth or moral content, while actions in conformity to duty that are done from self-interest, or even beneficent actions done from a natural inclination such as spontaneous sympathetic pleasure agents take in seeing those around them happy, are lacking in authentic moral worth or moral content." (Wood, 2007, p 24). To Kant, only those actions which spring from duty can display a good will and his ethical theories are original which question the validity of earlier thoughts. Significantly, the originality and uniqueness of Kant's ethical theory is clear from his 'Copernican revolution' which includes freedom, autonomy and heteronomy. An understanding of how Kant distinguishes between autonomy and heteronomy helps one in realizing the uniqueness of Kant's ethical theory. "For Kant the term "autonomy" denoted our ability and responsibility to know what morality requires of us and to act accordingly. In a derivative sense, the autonomous person is one who exercises this ability and lives up to this responsibility There are also ...
Cite this document
(“Assess Kant's Ethics Of Duty And Freedom As A Response To All Previous Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/302762-in-a-well-developed-23-page-essay-assess-kants-ethics-of-duty-and-freedom-as-a-response-to-all-previous-ethical-theories
(Assess Kant'S Ethics Of Duty And Freedom As A Response To All Previous Essay)
“Assess Kant'S Ethics Of Duty And Freedom As A Response To All Previous Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/302762-in-a-well-developed-23-page-essay-assess-kants-ethics-of-duty-and-freedom-as-a-response-to-all-previous-ethical-theories.
The limitations of Divine Pre-formation Theory D. Argument for God's existence Kant's response to Hume's skepticism This paper will discuss Kant’s theory of God’s relation to the causality of created organisms. One of his major contributions relates to the character of God’s input to cosmological relations amongst created beings.
Hume gets so skeptical when he argues out that no attestation exists in support of origin and effect interactions within the universe. He points out that through observing people’s habits one infers an affiliation between two dissimilar events. He, therefore, adds that it very difficult to prove that one event caused the other.
Kant presented no definition of it. I analyzed that Kant dedicated no endeavor to analyzing it. Notably, Kant stayed unambiguously divergent to any approach conceited to ground ethics teleologically in the predictable realization of ends. Kant discarded the effort to found ethics upon the expected realization of empirical ends.
The empiricists were philosophers who believed that knowledge arises from experience. The rationalists believed that knowledge arises from reason. So a person's action under any situation is borne out of his previous experiences or out of his sense of reasoning.
His findings provide a wide spectrum of implications in order to establish the frameworks of Absolute Empiricism,Absolute Rationalism and Absolute Idealism.In the realm of any ethical theory,there are some standpoints that can be taken,so an ethical system could be Deontological,Teleological,Consequentialist,Relativism/Subjectivism,and Virtue Based Theories.
Among the most prolific early thinkers were Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Newton, Galileo and Boyle and Bentham. These thinkers were in part responsible for shaping the views of Kant in that he drew elements of their brand of moral philosophy to serve as focal points of criticism and facilitators of his metaphysical dualism.
By punishing people, Kant feels that we are getting individuals back for the wrong that they have done. Kant also disagrees with the theory of Baumgarten. Baumgarten believes that God is the legislator and author of all natural obligations mainly because God created the world.
He rejected the supposedly objective accounts of the good for man –proposed by the perfectionist positions associated with Plato, Aristotle and much Christian ethics–, as well as the subjective conceptions
There are many similarities between Kant and the earlier arguments of Aquinas, which have both proved important in developing ethical theory and international relations theory.
However, whilst there are similarities, Kant and
The actions are acknowledged as wrong if the motive of the individual in acting is not in good faith regardless of the good consequence accompanying the action. For instance, the action of a police officer in shooting a burglar is wrong despite saving property
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Assess Kant's Ethics Of Duty And Freedom As A Response To All Previous Ethical Theories for FREE!