StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Consent theory - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Consent theory

Searching consent implies first of all the ability to communicate about the most advantageous results of their discussion. Deliberate behaviour by consent with coercion is a contradictoriness in its roots, since nobody can make a consent compulsory or obligatory. Each action should by controlled by moral principles (which have naturally come from Rousseau's philosophy of 'kind' human nature). Thus, theory of consent is related to some kind of convergence among people as well as inner consent, which leads to creation of stable moral obligations (Lennartz, 2005).
Rawls, who is an outstanding scholar, speaks about the obligations that people identify as "self-imposed," as if each person her or himself really participates in the creation of the principles of righteousness. In addition, Samuel Freeman, who defends Rawl's concepts, writes: "In committing themselves to these principles, free and equal citizens willingly impose upon themselves certain constraints on future decision-making . . . This precommitment is general, because it is made by and applies to everyone" (Freeman, 1993). Consent theory was expected to offer a concept of political autonomy, such that one can state that their obligation to a state was to some extent consequent from their free action as a personality among politically equal personalities. Such self-sufficiency demands that the philosophy one follows be the product of their deliberative development. "It is not enough simply for it to be the deliberative process that someone exactly like me would use, in other words, indicative of my unique experiences and faculties, because this would allow the deliberation of someone who knew me incredibly well to count as mine. It must be the deliberation that I actually intentionally undergo" (Cushing, 2001).
In order to exemplify the awareness of making choice, let's imagine the following two 'methods' of shopping. The first way is common: a person picks the goods out him/herself and pays the bill at the end of shopping, as this person has gained an obligation by one's deliberate action. The second way is more complicated: one's robot double, programmed with all experiences and tastes of this person, goes shopping, chooses exactly what the human would choose in similar conditions and picks the goods out for this person. In the latter case, it is clear that the person has no obligation to pay for the goods, since he/she does not choose them. The person would have chosen, but in fact the person did not make a choice. Similarly, the consent theory required actual act of consent or choice, which is followed by entire awareness of one's actions.
The most important limitation of consent theory (which probably rubs out the most part of its significance) is its conceptual utopicity. The level of public political culture in our society is quite low, and people follow rules and legislative obligations due to the fear of being punished. People could not rely on the way others adopt common consent, as based on the principle of personal freedom, the theory rejects law enforcement of the consent. As Cushing correctly notes, "there would be a similar assurance problem with Rawls's duty-based account because citizens will not believe that others will comply simply because the relevant institutions "apply" to them" (Cushing, 2001). Thus, an essential perception of our society's political culture ...Show more


Humans are extremely controversial creatures, but I'm sure all of them have in some sense natural political freedom and equality. In the present essay I would like to examine the issue of consent theory as it relates to political obligation and political awareness…
Author : ladarius97
Consent theory essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Consent theory"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Consent of the govern
Locke believes that “a government by consent means that the proper conduct of government is predicated on the psychological state of the governed” (Dunn, 525). This is the reason why at various times, an individual may be liable to a political obligation.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Consent: A Philosophical Dilemma
In other words, consent of individuals is the key to forming the best approaches to deal with such individuals. However, O’Neill negates this argument on consent and explains that mere consent in treating others as they would like is not enough in promoting the end, or final good of others.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
John Locke and the Tacit Consent Theory
Seventeenth century British Empiricist philosopher John Locke was not only an authority in epistemology and metaphysics but also an expert in political philosophy. His Theory of Tacit Consent, which supposes that a person tacitly and unconsciously consents to the laws of the place where he lives, has brought about a political controversy not only among the intellectuals of his day but also among contemporary philosophers like Rawls, Nozick and Simmons.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Patient Autonomy and Consent
Introduction Healthcare practice entails the provision of medical services to individuals in order to maintain their wellbeing. Usually, professionals referred to as healthcare practitioners carry out this exercise in accordance to the requirements of the law (Leino-Kilpi 2000).
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
About risks and reimbursement to the person's participation or no contribution that they have the right to extract without punishment at any time. For consent to treatment, alternative treatments and their risks and benefits are to be mentioned. The presence of an institution wide review body for research (also called institutional, ethics or human subject protection review board) and guidelines of its composition and functions are mandated.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Since the review process itself is synonymous with the overall research strategy it is good to remember that, as such, it is necessary to conduct it efficaciously so that it can act both as a stand-alone as well as a complementary process of the entire research process.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Tacit Consent Theroy
e where he lives, has brought about a political controversy not only among the intellectuals of his day but also among contemporary philosophers like Rawls, Nozick and Simmons. John Locke’s Theory of Tacit Consent is actually necessary but should not be the only basis of the
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Patient autonomy and consent
While on duty, medics usually conduct procedures that require professionalism throughout operations (Leino-Kilpi 2000). Some of these activities
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
What kinds of consent are there Can any of them explain our obligation to obey the state's commands
ell 2012), “Merely living on land within the border claimed by a government may yet create obligations through one of the other four theories, but it’s difficult to argue that they come via consent.” (Carneades 2007) states, “Should it be said, that, by living under the
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us