StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Military Intervention in Turkish Politics - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Military Intervention in Turkish Politics

Intellectuals and politicians also voiced out sentiments against the monopolization of political power by a single party. In response to these issues, the president permitted greater freedom for the expression of political opposition. Some members of the RPP took advantage of this and formed the new organization, the Democratic Party.
For next four years, the Democrats frequently challenged government policy and were able to attract support by proficiently utilizing the growing popular hostility with the interference of the state in peoples' lives. The state eventually underwent a peaceful transition to a multiparty. The government had undertook agricultural reforms and to improve the standard of living of the peasants. They brought in huge quantities of expensive agricultural machinery, built dams and irrigation canals and constructed a national network of highways that in general helped communication as well as unlock previously remote regions to commercial agriculture. By mid-1950s the economy began to decline and agriculture was devastated by series of droughts. In addition, they faced a problem of spending without planning and importing consumer products and expensive machinery without funds to pay for them. It created annual budget deficits that in turn amounting national debt. The Democrats faced public criticism. Eventually, they censor the press, imprison journalists, and shut down offending newspapers which caused violent protest. The government called upon the army to disrupt Republican Party campaign rallies to maintain law and order. However, they didn't want to be turned into a tool of political repression against the state's principle and in time, the intervened and ended the first Turkish republic.

Second Intervention
Turkey underwent social, economic, and demographic change. There was a rapid urbanization caused by the migration of villagers to cities in search of better economic opportunities. Social and economic transformation, for the most part with the transition from an agricultural to a mixed economy put strain to Turkey's two-party political system, the Republican and Justice. When new governments came to power, the industrialists and peasants, who prospered in the first republic, did not want to lose their status. They formed political parties to represent their particular interests in the national assembly. On the other hand, the industrial workers and university students, Marxists and Muslim revivalists, believed their needs were being ignored. They formed their own organizations and parties through which they hoped to gain a share of political power.
The process of institutionalizing interest groups led to a propagation of political parties. Various smaller organizations attracted enough voters to prevent either Justice or the Republicans ahead with absolute majority. The excessive favors granted to the minorities causes social and political disorder and paralyze the legislative process. There was a wave of social unrest marked by street demonstrations, ...Show more


Following the World War II, Turkey tried different courses of political development from a single-party rule of the Republican People's Party (RPP) to a multiparty system in which elections were openly contested and voters willingly involved. However, their governance could not deal with the domestic turmoil, increasing violence and social unrest within the country and military intervention is needed to restore the state's order and uphold the principles of Kemalism that is the establishment of state authority and the intervention of the state to enforce the social and legal changes.
Author : whyatt
Military Intervention in Turkish Politics essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Military Intervention in Turkish Politics"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Military Intervention and Human Rights
Defining humanitarian intervention is very difficult because it is comprehended in different ways under different spectra of social sciences. The legality of humanitarian intervention is also an issue of great debate in the contemporary world and various mechanisms have been presented to decide the legality of military action against a state for the protection of human rights.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Security questions regarding U.S. military support to Turkey
One of the key rules of its operation, as of all international organizations, is that its intervention in a country does not violate the international law. In cases of emergency, the decisions of NATO can be approved by the United Nations without further processes to be required.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Turkish invasion of Cyprus
This violence was in between Greek civilians, Turkish civilians and some former TMT (Turkish Resistance Organization) members, which were known by the name of 'fighters' during the Turkey-Cyprus problem. There was a war between weak and powerful in which the Turkish fighters were less powerful for they belonged to 'ghettos' of the Greek Cypriot side, equipped with weapons.
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
Politics of Int. Law - humanitarian intervention and human rights
Multiple compulsions and restrictions that nations contracted with each other and with global organizations have left them almost without sovereign liberty.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
7. The prospect of Turkish membership in the EU has led to the emergence of increasingly stringent conditions for membership. Discuss
Accordingly, the European Union has evolved dramatically in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union and has recently undergone multiple stages of
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Politics in the Caribbean and United states Intervention
The basic assumption and common sense behind these interventions have been that America’s “values are universal and their spread will benefit the entire world” (Caraley, 4). The National Security Strategy of the US has also made clear the US
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Security questions regarding U.S. military support to Turkey
In cases of emergency, the decisions of NATO can be approved by the United Nations without further processes to be required. In the recent crisis between Syria and Turkey the
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
1.The Demokrat Parti was elected with a popular mandate, but within ten years it was removed from government by a military coup. Explain this turn of events while accounting for the fact that the DP retained its popularity throughout
This paper will explain this turn of events, evaluating the fact that the party was able to retain its popularity throughout its favored and disfavored time. This paper shall
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Book review of A Nation of Empire : The Ottoman legacy of Turkish modernity, Meeker, Michael E
Turkey slowly transforms from a strict and authoritarian rule under Ottoman to a more liberal state after its independence. In part one of his four-part book, Meeker shows how men dominate
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Turkish Music
According to the Turkish Cultural Foundation, the history of Turkish music can be divided into three periods which are pre-Islamic period, post-Islamic period and contemporary Turkish music, Turkish folk music and therapy music (Turkish Cultural Foundation, 2005).
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation