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Military Intervention in Turkish Politics - Essay Example
Following the World War II, Turkey tried different courses of political development from a single-party rule of the Republican People's Party (RPP) to a multiparty system in which elections were openly contested and voters willingly involved. However, their governance could not deal with the domestic turmoil, increasing violence and social unrest within the country and military intervention is needed to restore the state's order and uphold the principles of Kemalism that is the establishment of state authority and the intervention of the state to enforce the social and legal changes.
Intellectuals and politicians also voiced out sentiments against the monopolization of political power by a single party. In response to these issues, the president permitted greater freedom for the expression of political opposition. Some members of the RPP took advantage of this and formed the new organization, the Democratic Party.
For next four years, the Democrats frequently challenged government policy and were able to attract support by proficiently utilizing the growing popular hostility with the interference of the state in peoples' lives. The state eventually underwent a peaceful transition to a multiparty. The government had undertook agricultural reforms and to improve the standard of living of the peasants. They brought in huge quantities of expensive agricultural machinery, built dams and irrigation canals and constructed a national network of highways that in general helped communication as well as unlock previously remote regions to commercial agriculture. ...