One major aspect concerning gay and lesbian families is the diversity of the family structure as apart from the couple other people might also be involved in the family structure if in case the couple decide to conceive a child using a donor sperm or a surrogate mother in case of lesbians and gays respectively. In some cases, heterosexual couples after having children might undergo a change in sexual preferences that might result in divorce and eventual legal problems about the custody of the children. Legal problems are also encountered when gay or lesbian couples who have adopted children decide to separate. To begin with, there is considerable variation among various states across the world in recognizing marriage between the same sexes. While a mere 5 states in the US legally recognize same-sex marriages, many other states recognize such marriages conducted in other states or offer limited recognition or do not support them at all. While there are civil unions for these couples in certain states, they are denied of any kind of federal benefits. In most cases people who argue against legalization of same-sex marriages cite child rearing as a major reason. However laws have been more kind on the children of gay and lesbian parents as they are eligible for health care and insurance and would be protected by law if their parents are married legally. The legal issues surrounding the custody of children and visitation by such parents have also come under scrutiny citing reasons such as the parent’s relationship with a same-sex individual may have adverse effects on the mind of the children. The court rulings in this aspect in several states is divided as some courts have ruled a favorable opinion while others have maintained that individuals with same-sex partners would not make a good parent as it might have a bad influence on the child. While legal issues still loom large with respect to lesbians and gay people taking custody of their own children, laws
Marriage between gays and lesbians has been a source of intense debate for quite some time as laws and policies that would help regulate such marriages has not yet been constitutionally framed. More recently conception and adoption of children by such couples is also being…
Where Gay Rights will be in 20 years Introduction Gay and lesbian rights have emerged as a significant subject in human rights and civil liberties debates over the last 30 years or so. Historically gay men and lesbian women have been denied the equal protection of law in employment, have been denied the welfare, social, legal and economic benefits of marriage and have systematically suffered marginalization.
However, the debate to legalize gay marriage has been going on for a long time, especially in the UK, but not without severe opposition thus making it difficult to reach a compromise. Despite this, it is notable that the country has made tremendous steps towards promoting equality by allowing gay couples to enter into civil partnerships and allowing them to adopt children.
Still, lesbian and gay parenting is a controversial issue in the mainstream society because the same is generally considered as against the wellbeing of family, which is a social institution. The general opinion on lesbian and gay parenting is negative because the society is not yet ready to accept the fact that the sexual identity of lesbian and gay parents does not exert pressure upon the overall development of their children.
The latter camp argues that the children of same-sex parents invariably experience normal and healthy psychological development, while the former camp argues the exact opposite (Stacey and Biblarz, 2001). Concurring with the aforementioned, Ahmann (1999) asserts that the emotionality which invariably accompanies the debate over same-sex parenting tends to obscure the reality of the situation.
Studies show that a systematic approach of comparing heterosexual adults to lesbian and gay adults was first carried out by Evelyn Hooker in 1957 whereas a comparative research of children having lesbian and gay or heterosexual parentage has gained momentum in early 1972 with a study by Martin and Lyon followed by Osman and the research is still on (Charlotte J.
At stake is the very definition of marriage: Who controls the definition, and for what purpose Due to the pervasive cultural climate of heteronormativity, implications for the field of marriage and family include the need to actively re-define marriage as inclusive of gay and lesbian couples.
While here in the U.K. gay marriage has recently been accepted, it is still a matter of great debate throughout the world, and most especially in the United States. Why is this issue of such great debate While many issues focus on social ideas and normative behavior, there are few that so closely look at human behavior, and how social hierarchies and beliefs impinge upon natural human actions.
The trend is, however, changing as there are new prospects for gays and lesbians that are promising. Despite such changes and progress, the group must still cope with cultures that are often hostile (Berk, 2007). There is a stigma that still revolves the
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