The Nuclear Program of Iran, contrary to popular belief, came into being before the Revolution, during the time of the Shah on the insistence and with the cooperation of the US. However, it is only recently that this issue has become controversial, with polarized opinions being…
generally adopting a belligerent stance on this issue, and the US using IAEA as a tool to pressure Iran, it is contended that Iran should be allowed to carry on its peaceful nuclear program without the interference of the international community.
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), to which Iran is also a signatory, recognizes the inherent right of the signatories to “develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination” [emphasis added] in Article IV(1). Therefore, it can be said that not only is Iran within its rights to develop a peaceful nuclear program, but the US and the other international community, by their opposition to Iran’s nuclear program, are in direct violation of the NPT, specifically Article IV(2).
Iran has admitted to enriching uranium at their nuclear research centers. It is worth noting that enriched uranium can be used for the production of both energy and nuclear weapons. Admitting that it is not possible to determine the exact use this enriched uranium will be put to, it is contended that Iran’s stated stance of developing a peaceful nuclear program should be taken at its face value, as, so far, there has been no concrete evidence given to contradict it.
Nuclear energy would benefit Iran a great deal; it is a renewable source of energy, as opposed to oil and gas, both non-renewable energy resources. If Iran is allowed to carry out its nuclear energy production, it will, thus, save its oil and gas reserves for other more useful purposes (polymer and plastic production, for instance). Moreover, the negative impact of burning oil and gas on the environment and, by extension, human health, calls for looking into alternative sources of energy, one of which is nuclear energy. Though nuclear reactors also have problems, for instance, accidents that might occur therein and the storage and protection of nuclear waste, however, these are considered to be manageable.
Lastly, the ...
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This is a serious situation that has implications on the world both economically and politically; additionally this situation impacts regional and religious contexts. It has been indicated that, “A military attack against Iran risks igniting a period of confrontation across the region with consequences that no one can fully predict.
World History. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the risk to the Middle East and the US of a nuclear Islamic Iran ready to attack Israel or threaten it on behalf of a Palestinian cause at a time of perceived US domestic political weakness. If this worst case scenario happens, what do you think will be the reaction of the US, NATO, Israel, UN, European Union, Region Arab states and Russia.
These are the world’s most deadly arsenal, and its effects have led to strict laws being passed to limit its spread. Iran has witnessed participation in these conventions to promote global peace through signing treaties that limit its activities in the creation of dangerous weapons.
But with change in the political scenario in the light of upheaval of the Islamic Revolution in 1979, the outside assistance stops. Iran again takes to the peaceful nuclear path in 1990s, but its real intentions come to light in 2002 and 2003 that clandestine research has been going on for fuel enrichment and conversion, and it works beyond the scope of peaceful applications of nuclear energy.
However, in 1953, a coup occurred against Iran’s democratically elected prime minister supported by both the United States and the United Kingdom. In 1979, there was also a revolution against Iran’s hereditary ruler (the Shah) and the US was purported to be involved.
Today, five nations – the U.S., United Kingdom, Russia, China and France – are officially recognised as possessing nuclear weapons. Pakistan and India have tested nuclear weapons and it is not known if Israel possesses nuclear weapon capability. Recently, North
The number of nations seeking nuclear weapons today suggests that a nuclear arsenal may be considered a strategic asset as discussed by Paulikas (2006).
However, for many analysts, the existence of such weapons also comes with a responsibility to not to use them to
This has forced countries such as the United States to implement a number of measures designed to tackle the relatively substantial threat posed by North Korea expanding its nuclear capabilities. There are a number of measures that I would have
ady conducted three successful nuclear tests in 2006, 2009, and 2013, of which the first two utilised plutonium and gave credence to fears that the country may have sufficient weapons-grade plutonium to mount at least six weapons. Five members of the Six Party Talks, the US,
The Iran nuclear deal framework was an agreement reached between the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and Germany (P5+1), the European Union and Iran. Negotiations that resulted in the development of the nuclear deal was carried out between foreign ministers of the countries in series of meetings.
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