Carl Rogers (a major contributor of the person centred model) emphasized the humanistic perspective as well as ensuring healing relationships with clients promote self-esteem, authenticity and actualization in their life, and help them to use their strengths (Seligman, 2006).
Person-centred model has two primary goals, which are increased self-esteem and greater openness to experience. Attempts are made to facilitate related changes and seek to promote in clients the following: closer agreement between the clients idealized and actual selves; better self-understanding; lower levels of defensiveness, guilt, and insecurity; more positive and comfortable relationships with others; and an increased capacity to experience and express feelings at the moment they occur (Rogers, 1980).
Person-centred model here means research that focuses on the person as a core of the study. The person then becomes the main conceptual unit and also often the main analytical unit. Person-centred model can be contrasted to variable-centred model where the focus is on the variable as the main conceptual and analytical unit. Variable- centred model is far more common but is not the topic of this article. For example training can be classified into variable-centred approach where the main focus is on the content of course which is being trained while coaching is person centred where the main focus is the person being trained not the content of the training.
Person-centred model does not need to be quantitative and can in certain situations be carried out by case-oriented model and by using a qualitative model. Obviously, the study of the single individual, studied quantitatively using the technique, is in one way person-centred, but is not normally so according to the definition given above (since the focus is usually then on relationships between variables within the individual). The perspective given in this paper is of
Person-centred model, which is also known as client-centred, non-directive, or Rogerian therapy, is a model to counselling and psychotherapy that places much of the responsibility for the treatment process…
Psychoanalysis is based largely upon the work and investigation of Sigmund Freud who held that unacceptable thoughts of childhood were relegated to the unconscious mind but continue to influence a person’s thoughts, emotional states and hence the behavior.
It was not until Sigmund Freud, the father of modern psychology, developed his technique of “talking theory” that theories into the area of counseling began to appear. One of these counselors was named Carl Rogers. Rogers lived a very humble life deeply influenced from his roots and families.
The approach is optimistic and emphasizes on righteous human capacities to prevail over difficulties, pain and misery. Personal growth and fulfillment in life were considered by both Maslow and Rogers to be essential human motives, which meant that all individuals seek and attempt in different ways to develop psychologically and to constantly enhance themselves and the satisfaction they get in life.
Specifically, the person-centred model was developed from the concepts of humanistic psychology. The humanistic model "views people as capable and autonomous, with the ability to resolve their difficulties, realize their potential, and change their lives in positive ways" (Seligman, 2006).
Developed in the 1930s by Carl Rogers, person-centred therapy partially evolved from the psychoanalytic theories that had dominated the psychological science in the beginning of 20th century. However, the new approach also departed substantially from the classical psychoanalysis.
The author states that the central idea underlining the person-centred counselling is that the person should be trusted to fund his own way out, while the therapist is the companion who encourages the relationship in which person feels safe. The person-centred approach is the belief in rightness, appropriateness, and goodness of human nature.
of client-centered therapy, or person-centered therapy as it has also been called, is the unconditional acceptance and kind regard the therapist has for the patient. It also understands that people can be trusted to make proper interventions in their lives without direct
According to the essay, the person-centred therapy starts from the assumption that all the parties involved are trustworthy amongst themselves, this tendency of being in a condition that the members or clients are able to trust each other gives the client the notion that each individual is of the idea of creating constrictive accomplishment.
Mearns (2007) assert that the therapist is supposed to the congruent with the client, provide the client unconditional positive regard and show empathy to the client. The theory stems from the humanistic psychology theories that assert that counselors must consider
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