The Republicans are that group of people who wanted to have a unified Ireland under the name of Republic of Ireland. But as it has been, the north six districts of the country are with the United Kingdom. The Republicans, in order to make the six districts part of the unified Ireland, time and again, took refuge under strategy of violence against the Unionist forces (the group that predominantly ruled Northern Ireland and supports Northern Ireland’s inclusion with United Kingdom) as well against the British forces. But many of the research scholars upon the history of Northern Ireland do not agree with the fact. According to them, the Republican enthusiasts only retaliated when they were suppressed or attacked by the Unionists and the British and therefore the responsibilities of the long years of trouble also bestows upon the British administration and the Unionists.
In order to understand the reasons of such conflicts and the thereby impacts, the essay delves deep into the political happenings of the past century along with analysing the role of United Kingdom in the affairs of Ireland.
Like many of the other Christian nations, Ireland was also affected by the differences between the two conflicting groups of Christianity i.e. the Catholics and the Protestants. Since the yearly years of 18th century, the trend suggested that majority of the Catholic population left Ireland and settled in other parts of the world rendering Protestants the majority. In between the years of 1695 to 1728, many laws were passed in the country and that were particularly motivated against the Catholics. The laws included prohibitions in the rights of education to the Catholics, ban on serving as Member of Parliament, preventing them from buying rent and property and many others. In a major happening in the history of Ireland, in the year of 1801, the two