17. o42 U.S.C. 1786 (a)Congress finds that substantial members of pregnant, postpartum, and breastfeeding women, infants, and young children from families with inadequate income are at special risk with respect to their physical and mental health by reason of inadequate nutrition or health care, or both. It is therefore, the purpose of the program authorized by this section to provide, up to the authorization levels set forth in subsection(g) of this section, supplemental foods and nutrition education through any eligible local agency that applies for participation in the program. The program shall serve as an adjunct to good health care, during critical times of growth and development, to prevent the occurrence of health problems, including drug abuse, and improve the health status of these persons.
Childhood Type II diabetes stems from poor nutrition and from childhood obesity (Zuguo, Kelly, Gummer et.al.1998) Low income children are at greater risk for problems with nutrition as well as obesity. The prevalence of overweight in children increased from 18.6% in 1983 to 21.6% in 1995 based on an 85% cut off point for height and weight (Zuguo, et.al., 1998). Childhood obesity is now the most common health problem facing children followed by Type II diabetes (Strauss & Knight, 1999). It was, at one time, accidents. Maternal obesity was the most significant predictor of childhood obesity, cognitive score, and household income are significant. Children who live with single mothers are significantly more likely to become obese by age 6 than children with nonworking parents, nonprofessional parents and children whose mothers did not complete high school(Straus & Knight, 1999).
Since 1973, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has assisted states in monitoring key growth and hematologic indicators of nutritional status of low income US children who participate in the publicly funded health and nutrition programs such as WIC. Early periodic screening,