Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Describe and evaluate the accounts of depressive realism that can be derived from associative and rule-based theories of learning and memory"
with a personal 20% discount.
Associative theories of learning and memory maintain that a psychological process is involved in conditioning. Very much a behavioral account (similar to classical conditioning) and causal in nature, associative theories submit that people forge judgments based on their experience of the pairing of two stimuli and based on the strength of these associations. The delta rule can be used to explain this account of contingency and causality judgment. The cue precedes the second event, the outcome, in a consistent manner and if the outcome is consistently regular, associations are formed between cue and outcome so that the two become synthesized together. It is necessary, Price and Yates believe (1995), that the cue precedes the outcome for associative learning to be achieved, although others opine that, regardless of whether cue does or does not precede outcome, it is sufficient for participants to believe it as causal to the outcome for judgment to ensue. Models such as the expectancy-value model (Fishbein, 1963) and the association model (Bowers, 1986) are examples of associative accounts. The expectancy-value model argues that attitudes are a total sum of evaluative beliefs towards attitude objects, whilst Bower’s association model, although taking a cognitive stance, maintains that cognition and affect are linked through evaluative memory-based mental nodes that, via spreading activation, instigate perception. The stronger, or more intense the experience, the more instinctive and pronounced the bias.
Rule-based theories on the other hand maintain that people arrive at contingency judgments by a sort of mental schema that encodes the events, categorizes them, and employs some mental logic to arrive at inferences and deductions. This it does by summing the frequency of events, and by employing a heuristic, referred to by Price and Yates (1995) as “blocking”, where perceivers ...
Cite this document
(“Describe and evaluate the accounts of depressive realism that can be Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/396798-describe-and-evaluate-the-accounts-of-depressive-realism-that-can-be-derived-from-associative-and-rule-based-theories-of-learning-and-memory
(Describe and Evaluate the Accounts of Depressive Realism That Can Be Essay)
“Describe and Evaluate the Accounts of Depressive Realism That Can Be Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/396798-describe-and-evaluate-the-accounts-of-depressive-realism-that-can-be-derived-from-associative-and-rule-based-theories-of-learning-and-memory.
Learning Theories and Role of Memory Introduction Learning refers to the persistent change that is brought about in the performance of humans. It is a permanent change in the behaviors and knowledge level of an individual. Learning theories are the frameworks which are developed for describing how the information is absorbed, processed and retained at the time of learning by the individual.
m, feelings of hopelessness, worthlessness, and guilt, decreased ability to concentrate and think, decreased or increased appetite, weight loss or weight gain, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy, fatigue, or increased agitation, decreased interest in pleasurable stimuli (e.g.,
When he starts playing Solitaire, the process of classical conditioning sets in and upturning the Queen of Diamonds renders him amnesiac and responsive to any command, including the command to kill. The Korean enemy deliberately selects this soldier because
There are a number of theories that try to explain the psychological processes and circumstances that could motivate human beings. The three theories that are put into consideration include; Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs,
For instance, the nature versus nurture explanation holds that a combination of environmental and biological factors affects learning either in a positive or negative manner. Genetic factors are the brain structures and regions of the
According to him, an individual will only master information through testing his or her own knowledge. It is also evident that one is required to actively process information in order to memorize its contents