No matter how extensive the family membership is, the mutual bonds under a common authority exist among the members of a family. The evolving traits of the family’s structure are best explicated by sociological theories such as functionalist, conflict, and interactionism.
Functionalists view that every society has interrelated social institutions, including the family, the educational institutions, the religious sects, the government and political system, and the mass media (Giddens & Griffiths, 2006). Each social institution contributes toward the advancement of the society. Since every society operates based on the consensus of its members, it serves the best interest of the general populace. In particular, functionalists emphasized the value of social structures than that of the individuals. Functionalism is a “top-down,” structuralist theory, which gives more importance on the societal structure and stratification, rather than on the individuals (Giddens & Griffiths, 2006). Functionalism views individuals as the product of social influences as they continuously expose themselves to other structures or members of the society, including family members, peers, relatives, and media. Family as a social institution, in the eyes of the functionalists, is beneficial to individuals because they usually experience physical care and emotional support from it.
In 1965, Talcott Parsons tackled the origin of “family” and the roots of nuclear family (Giddens & Griffiths, 2006). He suggested that prior to industrial revolution societies were founded on an extensive network of kinship. This network bridges the relationship of the family members to the members of the nuclear family. In such family networks, the role of each member is mainly defined not by any skills or educational background, but through ascription. G.P. Murdock argued that the nuclear family has universally existed because it supported the economic, ...
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From this research it is clear that understanding innately becomes considerably specialized and finally made local, so that limited communication between expertise and little chance for the integration and sharing of knowledge. Unless bridges can be constructed between the sub-sections of social psychology, it appears likely that a lot of knowledge concerning how these structures operate will disappear.
It actually took them a long time to realize the need for company. This presupposes the fact that humans have long been individualistic. It is individualistic in the sense that they have been living their own lives away from others. There was a point in time when humans were actually selfish.
It helps provide order in the activities of the general population and seeks to ensure proprietary processes within the society. The sociological theories of functionalism, conflict, and interactionism impact differently on these social institutions. This paper shall discuss the impact of these theories on healthcare.
The typical course of marriage has admittedly changed, as more people seem to be cohabiting and postponing marriage now as compared to five decades ago. Research articles and books cite statistic after statistic to support the claim that marriage as an institution is in trouble (Cunningham & Thornton, 2005; Segrin & Nabi, 2002).
The evolvement of society from primitive to modern status has been understood with their application. However, there had been limited studies as to the impact of various sociological theories with the different social institutions. Less clear is the effects of functionalism, conflict, and interaction theory on the family.
Regarding this, the proponent includes different generic theories that could substantially explain organized crime and criminal behaviors in detail. The proponent founds that employing not only one general theory in understanding organized crime and criminal behaviors would be of great help.
In fact a large number of marriages tend to be preceded by cohabitation in the current times. However, the irony is that not even half of the cohabitation relationships tend to end in marriage. A lot of societal and demographic factors are responsible for this societal shift towards cohabitation.
ed by sociological scholars in the past that relate research results to ‘why and ‘how individuals with different characters are able to survive in a certain sociological unit. Some of the theories include the functionalism, Conflict, and interactionism (Tischler 2007). They
No society can be found to exist without the element and institution of family. Among the four to five basic institutions that are part of any given society, the roots of family as an institution can be stretched to as one of the earliest with regard
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