In order to overcome harms and complications, it is always important that a comprehensive harm reduction program is planned and executed in such a manner that it minimizes the harm.
A comprehensive harm reduction program or activities therefore always aim to take a broader view of the drug use and how it can create harm and what actions can be taken to reduce such harm. Harm reduction therefore does not need to fall into the ambit of harm to the health only however, the social and economic affects of such harm shall also be accounted for.( Dahlgren and Whitehead,1991). It is because of this reason that any initiative aimed at harm reduction must be comprehensive enough to cater to different and diversified determinants of the harm reduction.
This literature review will therefore focus on the harm reduction interventions in Britain substance misuse services by reviewing the policies and programs and actions that have been undertaken to reduce the harm associated with the drug use.
UK Harm Reduction Alliance (UKHRA) defines harm reduction in really broader terms and includes really a diversified set of terms to explain and define the term. This definition is however, borrowed from the work of Newcombe who defines harm reduction as
“Harm reduction is a term that defines policies, programmes, services and actions that work to reduce the health; social; and economic harms to individuals; communities; and society that are associated with the use of drugs” (Newcombe 1992)
The above definition of harm reduction therefore indicate that harm reduction encompasses policies and programmes that are basically aimed at reducing the impact of drug use not only on the individuals but also on the communities as well as a society as a whole. Further, the overall range of harms includes health, social as well as economic harms that can potentially damage not only an individual’s life but also affect the society as a whole.
It is critical to note that the use of
Harm Reduction or harm minimization is one of the most critical aspects of public health policies wherein the overall focus of the policies is on how to reduce the harmful impacts of the recreational drugs or even other high risk/high impact activities. It is critical to note…
This paper will try to explore issues about substance misuse, risks associated with it, prevalence, relapse, and proper treatment amidst the many approaches that have been explored for a while now. It will try to point out any debates on cause or relapse reasons as well as the role of the patient and persons surrounding him.
39).These substances activate dopamine receptors in the brain pathway; thus contributing to varied health and social problems in the society (Goodman, 2006, p. 76). Substance use and dependence not only create a burden to an individual but also to the societies.
Because f the significant behavioural, social, and emotional differences between treatment-seeking substance-abusing men and women, the findings from intervention studies that have focused largely or exclusively on alcoholism in men may not generalize to alcoholic women.
The term substance abuse can be defined as an excessive use of addictive substances.Due to its misuse, the functioning of ones body and mind can alter resulting in adverse social consequences, such as failure to meet work, family, or school obligations, interpersonal conflicts, or legal problems.This term mainly refers to overeating, cigarette smoking, alcohol abuse, or drug abuse.Alcohol is one of the most frequently abused substances.
In the year 2004 to 2005, 14% men and 8% women of the age range 16-59 had the history of illicit drug use in the previous year. The main problem substances were opioids. Most of the people attending treatment programs were polysubstance abusers involving a range of illicit substances and alcohol.
This paper will also examine ways in which law enforcement practice may exacerbate drug related harms. This paper maintains that law enforcement is one of the means to prevent drug related crimes but the process of crime prevention may result to unintended harm. Law enforcement must work hand in hand with requirements of public health.
In addition to the analysis and results of development techniques, the discussion of poperian perspective that considers the cultural and environmental effects affecting the interventions and tools will help in providing insight in choosing interventions.
The UK has the highest level of addiction and misuse in Europe. It has been acknowledged that substance misuse can harm the misuser both physically and mentally, and this harm may extend to the people and environment through the
On the other hand, prolonged and excessive alcohol intake can be harmful, and may even lead to addiction and serious injuries. Possible effects are disorders in the mental faculty and behaviour; gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, respiratory,
The author states that substance use disorder is a term that encompasses a number of different substances and disorders. Out of these disorders, substance abuse is the disorder that is frequently encountered. The approach with which a clinician will assess a substance abuse will differ depending on the context in which a patient presents for treatment.
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