Since great numbers of trucks move in and out of ports it is easier for the terrorist to carry harmful things to the port vicinity. Some ports also have fishing and recreational boats that terrorists could use as an aid in
performing their terrorist activities. Terrorist can use the shipping system to import weapons of mass destruction and other hazardous materials. Even smuggling of personnel can be a thing of major threat. If terrorist attack the sea port with nuclear bomb a large area can be destroyed.
Seaports attack can cause local and international destruction as it is globally connected. As there is lot of embarkation and disembarkation happening in the sea ports it is difficult to detect mal practices. Radical elements can import biological and chemical weapons to destroy the country which is a matter of great concern.
The coast guards are the major unit active in the port area to maintain the security system. The security atmosphere at seaports remains uncertain because of port infrastructure remaining uncompleted and also due to lack of proper co ordination in conveying of information about threats. “There is a wide range of vulnerabilities at seaports, including critical infrastructure such as bridges and refineries, shipping containers with unknown contents, and the enormous volume of foreign and domestic shipping traffic” (Decker,2002).
Ports operate in a complex mode transport system, and weak linkages between components may result higher vulnerability Large scale military deployment would require to transport equipment needed by military heavily by sea .If the ports are attacked there could be a severe civilian causality and they could lose time and also cargo. Since infrastructure is inefficient the full potentiality of deployment cannot be utilized. There is lack of central authority to monitor the activities of the personnel installed along the ports. Moreover during the course of deployment there can be non government