A considerable amount of academic literature has been written within the last five years concerning the criminal personality and racial profiling activities of public officials. These officials are the individuals to whom we entrust our security and protection. They include…
expectation that their communities will be safe, that individuals who commit crimes will be prosecuted, that freedom of mobility within the United States and outside its borders will be safeguarded and that the federal government’s primary responsibility must always be to protect the national security of the country. These expectations are uniformly held by Americans and transcend political affiliation, socio-economic status, ethnicity or geographic location.
A major legal and constitutional question concerns how we reconcile the protection of the rights of American citizens and those who legally enter the country with the public official’s duty to act in the national interest of the United States. Two current events have triggered a renewed national debate on this very issue. The first concerns the powers granted to the President and Secretary of Defense under the Patriot Act. The second issue pertains to the recently enacted law in Arizona that permits law enforcement officials to question the ethnicity and immigration status of individuals who are suspected of being in the United States illegally (SB 1070).
This paper examines the issues surrounding racial and criminal personality profiling and provides a comparative analysis of the two investigative strategies. It defines both terms and examines what types of behaviors and activities constitute criminal personality and racial profiling. The paper delves into some of the complex legal, constitutional and methodological factors that are fueling the public debate on the issues. The paper concludes with a discussion of what alternatives, if any, are available to the professionals who are charged with the protection of our national security.
The term profiling actually has its origins in a sub-field of mathematics. Statisticians utilize probability to apply a single observation to a general population. The profile is accurate within an acceptable level of error (Antanovics & Knight, 2009). The following ...
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This has been considered a major setback especially to the numerous efforts made by human rights watch groups, which advocate for equal treatment of all human beings irrespective of their skin color or countries of origin. In the US for example, the journey to wipe out racism has been long and risky.
Other reasons why offender profiles might be used are to identify the type of individual that might have already committed a crime for which they have identified no credible suspect or as yet not located an eye-witness to the event. Profiling methodologies differ largely because all profilers are not trained equally and they possess varying abilities.
8 What Must be Done / p. 9 Conclusion / p. 9 Abstract This paper explores a number of issues relating to racial profiling. It argues that racial profiling is a scourge and brings justice into disrepute. It studies how profiling has changed since 9/11 and why some people are in favour of it.
According to Victor (2008), juveniles are using crime to satisfy their immediate needs. An example of such a case is Juan, a teenager in California who opts to engage in crime when rebelling against the authorities. The offender resorted to crime instead of using ethical means in solving his challenges.
In part II, this paper defines various terminologies as applied in the racial and criminal profiling context, including prejudice, discrimination, bias, conformity and stereotypes, so on. Moreover, the common types of stereotypes are those committed on the basis of race, age, gender, ethnic group, race and sexual orientation status.
Racial profiling is a controversial subject that is increasingly on the minds of both minorities and the police. This is a common practice by which people of a certain ethnic background are targeted by the security apparatus on the
n unlawful behavior.” Racial profiling, especially against the black males in the community, is simply a violation of the constitution that gives protection to ethnic groups. Racial profiling leads to shooting and killing of people, for the sake of security, and based on
The information obtained from the analysis is combined with other relevant details including the physical evidences. The information is then compared with personality type characteristics and mental abnormalities in order to come up with
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