The purpose of the essay is to provide a critical discussion and analysis on the influence of organisational culture on project structure and performance. The two topics, culture and project management, are among the most researched topics influencing practitioners in management…
First an insight on projects and their use in contemporary organisations is provided, followed by an analysis of the influence of organisational culture on project structure, teams and performance, ending with a summary and discussion on the topic.
This is the shortest yet the most comprehensive definition of what a project is; a one time event, with a beginning and an end, with quantitative and qualitative outcomes, comprised of many depended activities with a sole purpose of solving a problem (Meredith and Mantel 2010, PMI 2008).
Projects are managed through a process defined by a project management methodology used on all projects to increase the likelihood of achieving project success, excellence and maturity (Kerzner 2009). A standardized definition of Project management comes from the PMBOK (PMI 2008, p.6) where it is defined as “an application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements”.
As a relatively new discipline PM emerged from the post world war’s defence methodologies applied in managing large-scale initiatives. At the beginning, what literature refers today as “traditional projects”, were stand-alone projects with dedicated resources and without larger consequences if the deadlines were not met (Taylor 2003). These projects were characteristic for the construction industry.
From the 1980s onwards, the rapid development of IT and its rising penetration in the value chain of organisations, increased the number IT projects and shortened the project life cycle (IT technology has a short life cycle), while the dependency of project’s processes from the parent organisation increased. As a result the old tools and techniques in managing traditional projects were found to be less efficient, even counterproductive and practitioners and researchers begun to recognise the growing importance of introducing the systems approach in analysing and managing projects (Gardiner 2005, Taylor ...
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The essay discusses the factors that contributed to the success in the construction of this major building project. The Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburg was designed as a parliamentary complex meant to house 129 members of parliament and close to 1000 civil servants and staff. This building was a very serious project because it aimed at creating a poetic union between Scottish landscape, its culture and its people.
This paper explores project management discipline in the context of the construction project, Scottish Parliament Building located at Edinburgh. The building was designed in 1998 by Enrich Miralles, one of world’s renowned architects, the project was estimated to cost $75 million but it was completed in 2004, after six years six years at a cost of about $830 million.
This requires the hiring of competent project managers who will conduct a good and successful project management. By definition, project management refers to the discipline of securing, planning, organizing and managing available resources with an aim of achieving a successful completion of a project and the attainment of its goals and objectives (Bjarne 2007).
The importance of logistics increases greatly when the main purpose of the project is to deliver food and basic aid to individuals suffering from malnutrition and poor living conditions (Thomas, 2003). Logistics basically encompasses a number of processes and methods to ensure a smooth flow of materials and resources from a place where they are manufactured or produced to the area or place where they are needed.
ct development from start to finish.1 Project management techniques are applicable to all types of projects and these techniques or methods not only make it easy for the project managers to control all phases of project management effectively but also these methods are widely
The techniques are composed of established strategies or doctrines that can be tailored and applied to a specific situation. In project management, these strategies could be a list of tasks to be consummated, a definite approach, outlines, methods, and even
t scope, budgeting cost of the project, scheduling deadline, maintaining quality throughout the project deliverables (Kerzner, 2013; Cooke-Davies and Arzymanow, 2003). Organizations use ‘The Portfolio, Programme, and Project Management Maturity Model (P3M3)’ to assess
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