All the functions of the definite, indefinite and null article are taken into consideration in the experiment.
The L2_SA learners show only 46% correct use of the definite article, that is almost 50% less than that of the native speakers. These learners have used the indefinite article in one-third cases. They also show a tendency to omit the use of any article in a considerable number of instances.
The performance of this group can be compared to the performance of L2_UK learners. This is a mixed immersion + Classroom instruction group.. The scores of this group almost match the scores of the control group of NS. They exhibit similar scores in the use of definite and indefinite articles. Only in negligible cases, the null article is used by this group.
But both learner groups have used the indefinite and null articles for unique entities, unlike the native speakers. The difference between the scores of learner groups and control group is not very significant.
Expression of definiteness of a NP that has not been mentioned before, but which is characteristically associated with another NP which may be indefinite, seems to be the most difficult to understand on the whole.
ANALYSIS: The difference in the scores of control group and L2_Sa learners is quite significant. The scores of control group and L2_UK group are almost similar and they have performed better than the NS in case of use of indefinite article in the association category.
Except in case of use of definite article ‘the’ to express definiteness of unique entities, even native speakers show a tendency to use the indefinite or null article instead of ‘the’. Although half the responses of L2_SA learners is the choice of definite article in all three categories, considerable use of indefinite article and null article is observed in their case.
Hence, we can say that definiteness is successfully transferred to L2
The following tables show the article selection percentage in four different contexts: the Definite Count context, definite mass context, Indefinite Count context and indefinite mass context respectively. The percentage scores of NS (Native speakers) who served as the control…
In this regard, language is a vital component in human societies as it enables people to understand each other. They can the convey feelings, messages, thoughts and ideas through language, which is why language is important. However, it can be said that complete mastery of the language is not necessary.
Name Instructor Course Date English-Only Debated Several argumentative have been advanced towards Cultural resistance as a practice whereby meanings and symbols, that is, culture, are used to contest and combat a dominant power, and specifically constructing a different vision of the world and America in particular in the process.
The Chernobyl incident has also been compared to the Bhopal disaster. On December 3, 1984, a Union Carbide plant in Bhopal, India leaked 40 tons of toxic methyl isocyanate gas, which killed at least 15,000 people, and injured anywhere from 150,000 to 600,000 others (Hart, 2005, p.
The author states that in the USA, English is the de facto, unofficial “official” or “national” language of the country, the language of instruction in most schools and colleges and the language spoken and written by the bulk of the population. The USA is home to a very large immigrant population of both Chinese and Spanish speaking people.
Each year, a lot of colleges and universities around the world invest a lot of money in developing reliable and real-time web-based classes (Ewing-Taylor, 1999) especially for the purpose of teaching the English language.
A virtual classroom is a computer-based system
According to the recent studies, the number of non-native English speakers has increased tremendously in the recent past for the
12 pages (3000 words)Essay
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Effects of mixed exposure to English (immersion + instruction) vs classroom-only exposure: the acquisition of English articles by L1 speakers of Saudi Arabic for FREE!