American Medical system can hold the tag of being the best medical system in the world, with its effective personnel including nurses as well as advanced medical technologies and treatments. However, despite its efficiency, human-made medical errors are one of the prominent…
in businessweek.com). Among the various medical errors, Medication errors are one of the most threatening problems. National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention defines as, “A medication error is any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care professional…Such events may be related to professional practice…including prescribing, administering…." (nccmerp.org). Acquired competency in drug administration is one of the integral criterions for registered nurses. However, nurses due to oversight or inefficiency could falter during drug administration, leading to major medication errors. While, acknowledging that administration of medicines needs attention, Scott (2002) notes that a lack of stringent management on drug policy in recent years has led to a relaxed attitude amongst those nurse professionals who administer drugs.
Medication errors happens at various nodes or parts of the medication process, and is caused by some faults in the working conditions. Medication process includes the different nodes like prescribing, documenting, transcribing, dispensing, administering, and monitoring. (Chilton, 2007). In these related chains of various nodes, prescribing the wrong drug, dosage, or route contributes to 48% of medication errors, secondly transcription errors account for 11% of all errors, dispensing errors comprise 14% of all medication errors, and finally Administration errors account for 28% of all errors, with no way to intercept during the monitoring after the medicine has been given. (Chilton, 2007). These errors mainly occur due to some faulty or unfavorable working conditions, caused by doctors’ miscommunication, hospitals mismanagement as well as inefficiency by the nurses themselves. A scholarly research conducted by two nurses and published in the Journal of Nursing Care Quality lists out the ...
Cite this document
(“Medication errors > literature review Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/413096-medication-errors-literature-review
(Medication Errors > Literature Review Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Medication Errors > Literature Review Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/413096-medication-errors-literature-review.
Running Head: Medication Errors. Medication Errors Name: Course Title: Instructor’s Name: Institution: Date: Abstract There is a high prevalence of medication errors which result from a number of reasons such as wrong diagnosis, drug selection, prescription, transcription, labeling and packaging-just to mention but a few.
Traditionally, doctors were the only professionals involved in prescribing, but now, nurses and pharmacists are also involved in prescription other than just taking care of patients (Courtenary and Griffiths, 2010). Majority of medical errors occur during prescription stage and this can be avoided by the use of electronic prescribing.
Many people die every year due to this issue. The main aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of the nurses’ responsible attitude towards this issue. Nurses should be responsible for what they do and what they have done. Moreover, nurses should practice some good techniques to help prevent the rise of any such kind of situation.
This is a situation where either the drugs given are wrong or the procedure used contravenes the standard way of providing healthcare, which causes harm to the patient or even worse death. The most common medication errors are related with the administering of an incorrect dose of medicine largely due to wrongly understood prescription.
Medication errors involve failure to prescribe the appropriate therapeutic drug. In addition, they can also involve errors in the components and the synthesis of the drug. Medical errors can be broadly classified from a psychological perspective into mistakes and skill based errors.
In 1859, Florence Nightingale the founder of modern nursing expressed her meaning of nursing as “the goal of nursing is to put the patient in the best condition for nature to act upon him primarily by altering the environment”. However, today the nursing profession is serious problem of shortage of staff that it becomes difficult for giving the patients the best risk free environment.
While the financial and economic issues remain considerable, the professional issues are undeniable. Many healthcare professionals are involved in patient care since healthcare is essentially collaborative share of care involving physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and many other personnel.
E-prescribing also could cut waste in the system, such as patient wait-times at pharmacies.
An inventory οf situational approaches, passive inquiry οf physicians, collateral health-care providers, and review οf literature, identified the following opportunities