in businessweek.com). Among the various medical errors, Medication errors are one of the most threatening problems. National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention defines as, “A medication error is any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care professional…Such events may be related to professional practice…including prescribing, administering…." (nccmerp.org). Acquired competency in drug administration is one of the integral criterions for registered nurses. However, nurses due to oversight or inefficiency could falter during drug administration, leading to major medication errors. While, acknowledging that administration of medicines needs attention, Scott (2002) notes that a lack of stringent management on drug policy in recent years has led to a relaxed attitude amongst those nurse professionals who administer drugs.
Medication errors happens at various nodes or parts of the medication process, and is caused by some faults in the working conditions. Medication process includes the different nodes like prescribing, documenting, transcribing, dispensing, administering, and monitoring. (Chilton, 2007). In these related chains of various nodes, prescribing the wrong drug, dosage, or route contributes to 48% of medication errors, secondly transcription errors account for 11% of all errors, dispensing errors comprise 14% of all medication errors, and finally Administration errors account for 28% of all errors, with no way to intercept during the monitoring after the medicine has been given. (Chilton, 2007). These errors mainly occur due to some faulty or unfavorable working conditions, caused by doctors’ miscommunication, hospitals mismanagement as well as inefficiency by the nurses themselves. A scholarly research conducted by two nurses and published in the Journal of Nursing Care Quality lists out the