Professional development will mainly involve enrollment in professional development programs in a given profession. The professional development programs, apart from improving the quality of services offered by an organization, “Boost individuals’ career, through travel, research, workshops and seminars, and through partnering with experienced professionals” (Morgan, 2007). In addition, professional development programs enable individuals to improve expertise in their fields and add value to the institutions through contributions in the developments. These programs are designed with the intention of helping people improve their level of competency and professionalism and are not only applicable to people in business or management, but also to other professionals such as medical practitioners, teachers, engineers, and nurses among others (Morgan, 2007).
The health and social care practitioners are found in various settings and fields, requiring continued professional development to enhance delivery of quality healthcare and services. According to a joint statement on CPD for health and social care practitioners, “continuing professional development (CPD) is fundamental to the development of all health and social care practitioners, and is the mechanism through which high quality patient and client care is identified, maintained and developed” (RCN, 2011). Professional development in health and social care settings is pivotal in enhancing continued improvement in the quality of the services offered and high standards of care maintained. According to a Review of Continuing Professional Development in General Practice 1998, the effort to improve quality and excellence in clinical care provision can be achieved through CPD by focusing on three distinct inter-related areas: “clinical governance enhanced, professional self-regulation