One of this is the new dam in Orugu, which was financed by China in 2009 to lessen water scarcity. Thus, the essay comprehensively discusses water network asset management in Sierra Leone.
Nationalization plays a crucial role in Sierra Leone. The colony was founded by a British organization for freed American slaves. Since its inception, the country has invested in the development of the infrastructure such as transportation systems and water supply. The efforts are geared towards providing basic needs for their citizens. Sierra Leon is made up of four main parts which are South, North, Western and Eastern provinces. It is subdivided into 12 provinces. Its capital city is Freetown. It is bordered by Liberia on the South, Atlantic Ocean in the West and Guinea on the North.
In 1980s, Sierra Leone had a population of about 3.5 million. Measures had to be put in place to ensure that water was supplied to the whole population. During that period, 64 piped water systems were installed and served 30, 000 people out of the 3.5 million people. In the rural areas, the water supply system increased by 35 percent, hence serving a wider population. It was possible through the installation of the hand pumps in the rural areas1.
A study carried out by the World Bank and World Health organization recommended that there is a need to establish the national water supply system. Thus, a law was put to force in 1988 which introduced the Sierra Leone Water Company commonly reffered to as (Salwaco)2. The law that was introduced mainly aimed at cost recovery in line with the installation of the water supply systems in Sierra Leone. There was also the introduction of the water tariffs which were introduced in urban areas as flat rates. The water rates mainly targeted the public institutions and commercial customers. The meters were introduced to those commercial areas and were installed, and bills began on the basis of consumption.