Name: Hung Quy Tran Professors: Dr Jonathan Kolm/ Dr Jason Lovelace MUS 121 Music Appreciation I: Composer Project Date: August 8, 2011 Claude Debussy The French composer Claude Debussy was born on 22 August 1862 and died on 25th March 1918. His style of music is called Impressionist, though Debussy himself could never stand the use of that term…
If we consider Debussy’s music carefully, we can note the transition from the romantic compositions of the late 19th century to the modern music of the 20th century. Debussy was very much influenced by a movement called Symbolism which is shown in the art and culture of his times. The son of a small businessman and a seamstress, musician Claude Debussy was born in France in a locality known as St. Germain-en-Laye. His father owned a china shop. It was the time of the Franco-Prussian War and Debussy accompanied his pregnant mother to Cannes- the rest of the family moved to Paris. There Debussy was given piano lessons starting at the age of seven, paid for by his paternal aunt. His talent bloomed and at the age of ten, he was sent to the Paris Conservatorie, where he spent the next eleven years of his life, fortunate to study under such illustrious names as Ernest Guiraud (composition), Emile Durand (harmony), piano (Marmontel), organ (Cesar Franck) and Albert Lavingac (solfege). While he was clearly talented, his argumentative nature and refusal to conform to the teaching guidelines did not win him support at the academy. His penchant for introducing intervals and dissonances was frowned upon. The summers of 1880-1882 were spent by Debussy in the company of one of Tchaikovsky’s patronesses, Nazedhde von Meck, as she travelled to Russia with her children. On her sending Debussy’s ‘Danse Bohemienne’ to the Russian composer for his opinion, the reply given was that it was ‘too short, seemed incomplete and lacked unity’. Madame Vasnier, a singer he had met and her husband supported Debussy financially and emotionally at this time. Debussy’s composition ‘L’enfant prodigue’ was fortunate to have won the 1884 Prix de Rome award. He was entitled to a four year scholarship at the Villa Medici, the French academy in Rome, where he went to further his studies during 1885-1887. He found life there stifling and abominable, and often went into bouts of depression wherein he was unable to compose anything. By June 1885, Debussy eventually decided that he would go his own way, for he was too fond of his own ideas and a keen proponent of artistic freedom of expression. Debussy’s music has been noted for its new form of tonality which consists mainly of parallel chords, bi-tonal chords, whole tone and pentatonic scale, unprepared modulations and glittering passages and webs of figurations. He combined the effects of melodic tonality with harmonies that are similar, yet distinct from harmonic tonality (Parks, 87). Debussy was also influenced somewhat by Wagner’s music as it was in vogue after Wagner’s death in 1883. It appears that Debussy was reluctant to associate himself with the Impressionist Movement since it was not receiving positive support from the critics at that time. But it was Debussy’s ‘Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune’ (Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun), a composition truly original in terms of both form and execution. It was to catapult him to the height of fame in the music world. Over his musical life, Debussy wrote 6 orchestral compositions, 4 for ballet, 16 soloist pieces, 9 for chamber, 29 for solo piano, 8 other piano, 64 for voice and piano, and 9 other vocal pieces. Commenting upon two of Debussy’s most well known compositions, we have Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun (1894) and Pour le piano (1901). The first said piece was ...
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Being among the most important of all French composers, and a leading figure in European music at the turn of the 20th century, Debussy was further acclaimed in 1903 becoming a ‘Chevalier’ and from here on, the vivid character of his music was even noted for the sensory element which frequently did not execute on merely a single pitch or key.
His music was noted mainly for the sensory component it incorporated and its lack of formation around one pitch or key. A gamelan, from Indonesia, is a musical ensemble that features metallophones, drums, xylophones, bamboo flutes, strings, and the occasional vocalist.
The alternating slow and fast sounds keep the listener focused and not get bored of the sound heard. This is perhaps one of those which show the success of Debussy, showing a contrast to romantic music which could lull listeners to sleep (Ajero).
Concert Number 32, which takes place in the Tapestry room on April 8 2007 features award wining Scottish violinist Nicola Benedetti and French Pianist Julien Quentin performing Massenet: Mditation from Thas, Debussy: Sonata for violin and piano, L. 140, and Ravel: Sonata for violin and piano No.
In Maurice Ravel's "Minuet on the Name of Haydn" (Menuet Sur le Nom d'Haydn) he generally sticks to one theme throughout the piece, and doesn't jump around much. His tone is even and consistent, but overall there is a level of seriousness in this piece, which is evidenced through the quality of the music.
etical foundations of harmonic balance, in creating a portrait of the composer through his technical constructive style and baroque foundation, Debussy infuses his “Homage a Rameau” with the essence of the target of his work. The composition created by Claude Debussy to
Juan Bautista Alfonseca, also known as the ‘father of Dominican music’, Jose Reyes, Jose de Jesus Ravelo, Juan Francisco Garcia, Luis Emilio Mena, Enrique de Marchena Dujarric, Jose Dolores Ceron, to name just a few, are notable for their contribution.
The tickets for the concert were available at the Royce Hall web site, where each ticket was selling cheaply at $25 for students with identity cards. The event started at 7 PM as scheduled with director Jeffrey Kahane conducting two double concertos as a pianist
The performance was well organized with proper sound support from the room to the equipment. The pianist took the time to get to practice his skills as depicted from the event. The sound was altering from tone to tone,
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