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Nursing Practice: John’s Case
Pages 6 (1506 words)
Nausea and vomiting are debilitating and common side effects resulting from exposure to chemotherapy. The nausea felt before or after chemotherapy is the sickly sensation experienced at the stomach area, which may end up in vomiting or emesis.
On the other hand, the vomiting experienced before or after chemotherapy is the process, where the contents of the stomach are ejected through the mouth (O’Brien, 2008). The relationship between John’s chemotherapy exposure and the side effects of nausea and vomiting could be explained on the basis of the activation of chemical components that stimulate the areas of the brain, which are responsible for triggering vomiting (Jordan, Sippel, & Schmoll, 2007). The chemicals, whose production has been triggered by John’s exposure to chemotherapy, include the neurotransmitters that are used for the transmission of the messages developed at the stomach – to the respective brain area. These neurotransmitters that are triggering John’s nausea and vomiting include dopamine, neurokinin-1 and serotonin (O’Brien, 2008). This paper will explore the case of John, who has been undergoing chemotherapy, and is suffering from nausea and vomiting, which is a side effect of chemotherapy. The areas covered by the study include explaining the causes for his breakthrough and anticipatory nausea, give a nausea assessment, prescribe intervention 1 and 2 and offer conclusive inferences about John’s case. Breakthrough and anticipatory nausea In the case of John, his anticipatory CINV is triggered by the previous experiences that he had, during previous sessions of chemotherapy. ...
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