They propose Nucleic acid amplification tests as preferred diagnostic tests performed on vaginal swabs or urine sample. They also recommend annual Chlamydia screening for all sexually active females under age 25. Department of Health: The New York State (2006) recommends the measures to prevent the spread of Chlamydia that include using a male or female condom, limiting number of sex partners and in case, one is exposed to infection he or she should avoid sexual contact and should visit the nearest a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic, or doctor. It is advisable to bring sexual partner along with so that they can be examined for infection and if need be, given proper treatment. Chlamydia is a public health issue in Europe too because untreated Chlamydia may lead to poor reproductive outcomes in women. Chlamydia causes tubal infertility, ectopic pregnancy and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Chlamydia is harmful to new born and may cause pneumonia and eye infections. It also facilitates the transmission of HIV. The cost of fertility treatment is high leading to in-vitro fertilization and tubal surgery. Controlling Chlamydia is challenging due to its asymptomatic nature; nevertheless, its prevention and control is possible through screening of target population and treatment (European Center for Disease Prevention and Control, 2009). The National Chlamydia Screening Program run by the department of health in the UK proposes to increase the testing regimen coverage from 25 % to 35 %. The evidence suggests that this will drastically reduce the prevalence of Chlamydia cases. Some estimates suggest that the program's past work has already reduced the prevalence by about 20 percent (Department of Health UK, 2011). Synthesis and Analysis Most literature across the globe agrees on certain aspects of Chlamydia infection. They all agree that its control is possible though concerted efforts are needed right from educating young adults on healthy sex activities; using male or female condom, especially when changing partners; and screening periodically the target population for infection. Screening is simple and can ascertain Chlamydia infection with reliability. Covering larger population for screening and treating them if found infected, can decrease the incidents of Chlamydia over time. Treatment is cost effective and the infected person needs to take medications only for a week or so to get completely rid of Chlamydia. The Theoretical Framework for Chlamydia Control It is important to note that currently, no vaccine is available to prevent Chlamydia infection. It is caused by bacteria called C. trachomatis and the most critical part is that it remains asymptomatic for months to years and thus infected person can transmit the disease without knowledge of anyone. Alternative ways of control are therefore necessary to prevent transmission of infection and sequelae. Screening for C. trachomatis in the target population becomes a necessary intervention to detect the infection. The theoretical framework for Chlamydia control thus lies within an ambit of widespread screening and subsequent treatment process through medications. Repeat Chlamydia infection may occur even after treatment process is over. Partner treatment, educating the patient and repeated testing become necessary
The health promotion proposal aims at eliminating the proportion of females age 15-24 from Chlamydia trachomatis infections. It is a fact that Chlamydia is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection in the US. Mostly, Chlamydia occurs in young adults who are sexually active and does not consistently use condoms while changing sexual partners…
Cancer is an issue of public concern and smoking is a risk factor for cancer, creating public awareness with clear messages intended for the right recipients will help reduce cancer prevalence. Target Population Our focus group will be males of ages 9 to 19 of afro-American background, from the low income earning households, the expected education level should be from elementary school to part completed or full college education, they should have Christian background or no religious affiliation (Green & Kreuter, 1999).
This will assist in reducing the rate of contracting the HIV/AIDS virus. According to a research done in South Africa and Tanzania, circumcision lowers the chances of one contracting the virus by 60% (World Health Organization, 2008). Medical male circumcision is a minor surgical exercise, which entails the removal of the foreskin of the male organ.
Identification of quality life issues in the target group can help in setting goals and objectives for a health promotion program. The theory set of beliefs or model used to collect and interpret data can determine the outcome of the planning. Data can be collected using three approaches: Behavioral, biomedical and social environmental approach.
In broad spectrum of reflective practice is considered as a professional approach along with the social acts, health and traditional models of education to provide a one integrated solution of theory and practice (Karban and Smith, 2010). Critical thought processes underpin reflection Descriptive, analytic and evaluative are the critical thought process of reflection.
Steve Armstrong from Groundwork East Durham was invited to a meeting by the chairman to discuss about that. After approving the proposal, they need a perfect business plan, which would make a successful ending. A marketing plan embodies the strategic marketing management process.
Our focus group will be males of ages 9 to 19 of afro-American background, from the low income earning households, the expected education level should be from elementary school to part completed or full college education,
It helps us to predict the health behaviors of an individual based on the belief patterns of that person. This is one of the first theories ever developed and was used in understanding the response of a person towards illness treatment and health promotion
The general goal of the project will be to assist people in making proper decisions on preparedness about health emergencies. People in the region are not prepared on dealing with health emergency problems. This is because they lack knowledge and
his period in time, the roles of public health nursing extended beyond sick care to encompass advocacy, health education, community organizing, and political and social reforms. On the other hand, contemporary public health nursing involves working in collaborations and
4 pages (1000 words)Coursework
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