This paper evaluates the ethical concerns of human cloning and justifies why human cloning should not be allowed in both ethical view and nursing point of view. By this means, the paper presents the ethical considerations of reproductive human cloning, argues the significant causes of concern and brings into the picture a nursing point of view on the subject of human cloning…
Development in genetics and biotechnology has led to formerly unexpected probabilities, one of which is human cloning. Research in cloning has been in existence since 1970s where frogs and toads have been researched upon. Tests related to plants and animal origin has been carried out for many years. On the other hand, tests on human beings have not been attempted or thought likely. This is until “Dolly” was scientifically tested. The birth of “Dolly” surprised many in the medical and nursing industry leading to a lot of arguments on the probability of human cloning. As a result of the cloning of “Dolly”, animals such as calves, mice, monkeys, pigs and rabbits were tested on a wide range of somatic cell nuclear donors (Campbell, McWhir, Ritchie & Wilmut, 1996). Cloning of animal has created a lot of debates and arguments in the recent times on the subject of the probability of human cloning. Numerous organizations for instance the World Health Organization (1997) and the European Parliament (1997) have articulated the argument that human cloning is ethically undesirable and have called for banning of its development. In USA, The National Bioethics Advisory Commission suggested a suspension on cloning offspring via somatic cell nuclear transplants. Over and above, it is not merely a probability but a reality to all stake holders and nurses at large....
Numerous organizations for instance the World Health Organization (1997) and the European Parliament (1997) have articulated the argument that human cloning is ethically undesirable and have called for banning of its development. In USA, The National Bioethics Advisory Commission suggested a suspension on cloning offspring via somatic cell nuclear transplants. Over and above, it is not merely a probability but a reality to all stake holders and nurses at large. The Definition of Cloning Cloning is the invention of one or more distinctive plants or animals which are hereditarily the same to distinctive plants or animals. This is a practice that has been applied for many years now in plants and insects by the use of varying medical procedures. On the other hand, cloning of the mammals is a new advancement in spite of “Dolly” the sheep which was the earliest achievement. In reproductive cloning, two procedures have been applied which includes the embryo division and somatic cell nuclear transplant. In this paper, the term ‘cloning’ implies to the creation of hereditarily similar creatures through somatic cell nuclear transplant, a medical procedure that entails getting rid of the nuclear of an unfertilized egg cell and substituting it with materials from the nucleus of somatic cells and triggering these cells to begin cell division. The nucleus of the somatic cells supplies the hereditary information, whereas the oocyte offers the food and the mitochondria is responsible for growth of the embryo. There are 2 distinctive kinds of human cloning by use of somatic cell nuclear transplant. This include reproductive and restorative. The significance of human reproductive cloning is to generate an offspring that is ...
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The author states that cloning is discouraged by various nations as cloning is against the rule of nature, which is generating humans, nurturing them and paving the way for uncertainties related with the repercussions of science. At present human population has crossed the figure of 7 billion, a huge burden on the planet.
Soon after Dolly, legislations and laws were approved that declared human cloning illegal. It was specially criticized by the religious parties and funding for any projects was banned by government officials. The field has a huge potential for further development and can contribute in many sectors.
Human Cloning Name: Instructor: Course: June 14, 2012 Human cloning Introduction Human cloning refers to the use of technology to generate another human being that has the same DNA as another currently or previously existing human being (Human Genome Project Information, 2009, Para.
Is it safe? Although there are different arguments for and against this practice, this paper argues against it on the ground that it interferes with the natural order of things, it has not been proven to be safe, it may lead to the exploitation of the oocytes’ donor.
The term cloning is literally referred to as "using specialized DNA technology to produce multiple, exact copies of a single gene or other segment of DNA to obtain enough material for further study." ("CDC", 2006). The process itself is actually referred to as cloning DNA, and the resulting cloned (or copied) collections of DNA molecules are called clone libraries.
It should be remembered that the history of cloning is a tedious and tiresome journey with ingenious methods applied. At the Roslyn Institute the successfully cloned a lamb but took 277 tries to finally clone it. Scientists working on the project knew all through their work in progress that once successful Cloning can be a very useful tool if used under the right conditions.
However at the same time, the majority of us are in fact not completely sure as to what cloning actually is. In order to come to a clearer and more understanding viewpoint on this subject matter, the elements surrounding the topic of cloning must be properly addresses.
Cloning by artificial means is the one most popularly identified with cloning: It is the creation of a clone scientifically, that is, by some conscious design or human intervention. Contrary to widespread belief,
Institutions such as the Roman Catholic Church have found themselves in direct conflict with secular scientific perspectives that hold firm to the belief that such technology is not only effective but also necessary for the
Genetic experiments that potentially lead to creation of human life are indispensable in modern life and ought to be permitted if certain conditions are met.
Stem cells may be referred to as undifferentiated cells that have the capacity to generate
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