The Vitamin K in breast milk is also very low and thus after the birth of babies, even though breastfeeding is taking place, Vitamin K is at a low level for several weeks and only attains its required level when the alimentary canal bacteria start generating Vitamin K for the baby. Some babies are fed with infant formula that contains Vitamin K but even though this takes place, the level of Vitamin K remains at a low level for some days (E Hey, 2003). Vitamin k is thus recommended to be administered on the new born babies to increase its levels in their body (American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Fetus and Newborn, 2003). The contention now is on how to administer Vitamin K. Which method is safe and well known to have desirable results in preventing hemorrhagic disease of the newborn? The method that has been in use was intramuscular administration or administration through injection. It however has come to be questioned on its safety on babies and its possibility that it would be causing cancer and leukemia in the new born babies who are given vitamin K using the intramuscular administration (American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Fetus and Newborn, 2003). This led to the introduction of oral administration in some countries. The decision however on the method to be used has somehow been determined by the consent from the parent. Where the nurse administering Vitamin K is left to decide, then ethical decision making comes in. As a nurse, consideration has to be put on both methods. Their effectiveness and on the safety. This paper, with the help of research by other writers, will show the dilemma faced in making the ethical decision of the method to use in administering Vitamin K. Summary of the Issue Concerns have however been raised on either the safeness or effectiveness of both intramuscular administration and oral administration of Vitamin K. The first that has been in use is the intramuscular administration. This method has been recorded to have good results and according to study in Australia, there was no registered case of bleeding (HDN) in the children who were given Vitamin K using intramuscular administration (Khambalia et al., A.Z., 2012).. A similar test was carried out testing the effectiveness of oral administration. Most of the infant who received Vitamin K were safe from HDN but a number of them were registered to experience bleeding probably because of HDN. From this you can depict that the efficiency of oral administration is not as effective as using intramuscular administration. This can be due to several reasons that would render oral administration non-effective. The first is that in case of vomiting in the child, to whom Vitamin K is administered to, the dose needed will not have been met and hence the child will be prone to bleeding. The other is that this method is dependent on the parent compliance to bring the child back for the second dose 3-5 days after the first dose given after child birth. This would mean that if a parent fails to comply with this say because they forget, then the dosage will not be as expected but when it comes to intramuscular administration, the dosage is given once, immediately after birth of the child. This means that the complete dose is administered at once. These two factors may lead to lack of proper dosage if the oral administration is used and thus full protection from HDN may not be in
Administering Vitamin K to new born First Name / Last Name School Affiliation Introduction Vitamin K is very important in the body because it helps in blood clotting. In new born babies, the vitamin K is deficient and hence this has been known to lead to bleeding known as HDN which is the hemorrhagic disease of the newborn…
On contacting GlaxoSmithKline their query was dismissed and handled unprofessionally. Their experiment concluded that the levels of vitamin C in the ribena product were far much lower than the amounts printed on the packaging. The girls made known their findings to the company and stated that the company’s advertisement was "intentionally misleading and quite inappropriate” (Jacques, 2008) in that it misled people to actually believe that the ribena fruit drink actually contained four times the vitamin C found in oranges.
Known to prevent bleeding in the brain, vitamin K has gained worldwide popularity and has been the subject of research in the past few decades. Discovered in 1929 by the Danish scientist, Henrik Dam, vitamin K has been known as the coagulation vitamin. Its name vitamin K comes from the German word “koagulations.” In his experiment, Henrik Dam (1935) investigated what will happen to chickens if their diet will include a very small amount of cholesterol.
The first complicating factor is that moral ideals sometimes conflict with one another and the second factor is that people tend to differ from each other in the application of even those ideals they agree about. The issue being addressed here is the use of physical and chemical restraints in order to prevent patients from moving freely.
Scholars have argued that there is no “right” answer to an ethical dilemma. Therefore, what is an ethical dilemma or issue? It is a predicament without a satisfactory answer. The consequence of an ethical issue lays in the truth that very diverse ethical choices concerning the same ethical issue can be made resulting in neither decision being a right or wrong choice (Henderson, 2009).
The relevance of this learning and research to the future midwifery practice could be reflected on and I will discuss several issues related to standards of practice in control of hemorrhage and the use of vitamin K specifically in newborns. I would use clinical evidence as well as theory and research studies with review of literature and background to support the discussion.
Nursing workforce shortages have a negative impact on staff morale and job satisfaction. To this is added the ethical dilemmas to which nurses are exposed to when they are forced to shift departments or units even within the same hospital. This paper will examine the ethical
Vitamins are important to our bodies’ different functions, and we should make sure to have a proper intake of all of the different vitamins.
We however, have it much easier than our forefathers did when it comes to taking vitamins. Originally the only way to
of government’s bureaucratic force over several economical factors is termed as economic freedom; therefore the author has tried to convince the audiences that whenever any government tries to put too much pressure on the economical well being, like increasing the tax rates