Case study: Pathophysiological template for paediatric astha and 3 case study questions

Undergraduate
Essay
Nursing
Pages 7 (1757 words)
Download 0
Case Study Questions 1. In Jason's case, as an infant some environmental factor, such as a respiratory infection or environmental allergy, triggered a bronchospasm that lead to his persistent cough. The bronchospasms result in increased sensitivity of the bronchial lining, making it more prone to future irritation…

Introduction

Since his mother reports that she has hay fever Jason's asthma may be allergenic. The possibility of allergenic asthma is further increased by the fact that Jason's brother has eczema; the skin cells related to allergic response and eczema flare-ups are the same as those involved in an asthma response. Since the lining of the airways cannot be penetrated by the allegen or irritant, it is a surface membrane response that leads to all three conditions: asthma, hay fever allergies, and eczema. When Jason's body was exposed to environmental irritants or allergens, his body produced elevated levels of Immunoglobulin E (IgE). This occurs through an allergenic cascade; when Jason is exposed to the allergen, the cells with the allergenic substance attached are attacked by his body's T-cells. These T-cells produce cytokines, which trigger the B-lymphocytes into producing IgE. This production usually takes place within the first few weeks after exposure to the allergen. Some of the IgE will attach to the mast cells of the bronchial lining, while others will remain free-floating. When Jason is re-exposed to the same allergenic trigger, the free-floating IgE will link with the IgE bound to the mast cells and trigger them to produce histamine, prostaglandins and leukotrienes. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Questions on Nursing Case Study
But in case of DSM-IV, the criterion sets were defined in such a way so that they don’t overlap. In case of Carol, she is suffering from the first criteria of substance abuse. The criteria say it arises in a failure to meet essential responsibilities in work, school, or home. In Carol’s performance at work and school highlights it. QUESTION 2 Cannabis, which is also known as marijuana, is…
Paediatric Gastroenteristis Nursing Case Study
The purpose of this study is to provide students with the opportunity to plan and organize care of a sick child and their family using clinical practice guidelines and other supporting literature, before participating in a simulation for recognition of the sick child. It shall consider the case of Kane, who is a young boy presenting to the emergency department with his parents. Upon admission, the…
Asthma and Pathophisiological Template Case Study
Asthma affects 300 million people worldwide with increasing prevalence among children. According to World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 15 million disability-adjusted life-years are lost and 250,000 asthma deaths are reported worldwide with 500, 000 annual hospitalizations in individuals 18 years old and younger (Harver& Kotses, 2010, 19). In order to understand the pathophysiology of…
cASE STUDY
In fact, signs and symptoms as headache and dyspnea can be extremely subjective and may significantly vary with each patient judgment. Furthermore, some conditions do not immediately present to instantly warrant a thorough investigation, only manifesting when much damage has already occurred to be clinically evident. Possible aggravation of a previously known condition also contributes to the…
Hemi's case study
While under interrogation by the crisis worker Hemi responds but provide confusing details. He claims that there existed a Koro that persuaded him to try and cross the river and that he communicates with it (Cormier, Nurius, & Osborn, 2009). He has become a matter of concern with his parents in that they consider him not to well as he used to be. In the video hemi speaks to himself and mentions…
Case study
After the first week of her admission in school, the teacher realized that she had socially clumsy and always offensive to most of teachers or other student’s comments. The client seemed not interested in making friendship with other kids and even learning was difficult. Parents and relatives also experienced difficulties in trying to cope up with the client; thus some of them became stressed up…
Case Study
Underlying pathology and admission to ED Mrs. S was admitted to the hospital post fall, from bed to floor, complaining of severe pain on her left leg. She got unable to stand or bend due to her left leg. From her past history, Mrs. S became placed on a five leads cardiac monitor and her blood samples got taken. Her chest, pelvis and left hip x-ray got organised. The results obtained indicated her…