Running Head: Nursing The Current Health Status of Aboriginal Australian Populations A Report Name Name of Professor Introduction It is widely known, according to Morrissey (2003), that the “health status of Indigenous Australians is greatly inferior to that of the non-Indigenous population and that this is most clearly demonstrated by their much shorter life expectancy” (as cited in Carpenter & Tait, 2009, 29)…
It has constantly been emphasized that the poor health and wellbeing of Aboriginal Australians is brought about by economic and social factors such as higher unemployment levels, poor nutrition and sanitation, congested housing, lack of access to education, and poverty. As a result, it has been proposed that the additional health risks of obesity, diabetes, and substance misuse make mortality rates among Aboriginal Australians significantly higher than that of the overall non-Aboriginal Australian population (Lawrence & Worsley, 2007). This paper discusses the factors that contribute to the current health and wellbeing of Aboriginal Australians, factors that increase the prevalence of diabetes, and potential community-focused solution. Contributing Factors to the Current Health of Australian Aboriginal People As stated in the National Aboriginal Health Strategy Working Party report, “health to Aboriginal peoples is a matter of determining all aspects of their life, including control over the physical environment, of dignity, of community self-esteem, and of justice. It is not merely a matter of the provision of doctors, hospitals, medicines or the absence of disease and incapacity” (Connor-Fleming & Parker, 2001, 210). Customarily, in Indigenous communities there was no term or word for ‘health’ as recognized by non-Indigenous people, and it would not be easy for Aborigines to view ‘health’ as part of their existence (Eagar & Garrett, 2001). This traditional belief is one of the major determinants of Aboriginal health. Health advocates engaged in programs for Aboriginal communities should be sensitive to this culturally oriented perception of health. Apparently, the Aboriginal perception of health should shape the context for any program supporting Aboriginal health. Second contributing factor is social disadvantage. It is well documented that social disadvantage has the ability to endanger individual health and wellbeing. The connection between poor health and social disadvantage is demonstrated in the health condition of Aboriginal people (Larkin, 2006). As revealed in the National Health Strategy Research paper No. 1, and substantiated by the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ Health and Welfare of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples research in 1999, there have been several improvements for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders on wider social determinants, especially education (Connor-Fleming & Parker, 2001, 210). Nevertheless, according to Larkin (2006), on determinants of housing, economic standing, and employment status, these people were below Australian standards. Several scholars, like Thomson (1991) and Couzos and Murray (1999), claim that considerable economic and social disadvantage, political subjugation, and a history of cultural displacement and bigotry lead to seriously poor health and wellbeing for Aboriginal Australians. Matthews (1992) argued that a diverse paradigm that recognizes both the medical and social aspects of poor health is important. Where social circumstances are most unfavorable, the necessity for useful healthcare initiatives is ...
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Because of colonisation and implementation of various government legislations and policies, the Indigenous Australians lost their cultural identity and became disempowered. These policies worked against the interests of people of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islands and helped pastoralists and other such groups who spread across Australia rapidly setting up stations and farms by using resources from the Indigenous people without paying them appropriately (Anderson and Grossman, 2003).
The disease results from the gradual and in many cases permanent dysfunction of kidneys for a certain period of time depending on the health status, lifestyle and other factors that affect the individual at the time. It is also called the kidney failure. When kidneys fail to function in this manner, there is an accumulation of wastes in the body; water is not fully utilised; and other toxic materials are not excreted from the body system as should be in a normal case.
He was the youngest child in a family of eight children and unfortunately, both his parents died when he was only seven years of age. From then on, Gilbert was brought up by his eldest sister. He managed to attend school but dropped out at age 14, just after completing his fifth grade.
It helps in founding the level of staffing that are supple and accounts for alterations. This paper discusses whether nurse recruitment in Florida hospitals where state-mandated least nurse-to-patient ratios are in effect, not similar from two states not having legislation as well as whether those variances are related to the nurse and patient outcome.
As health is implanted in the social preconditions of people’s lives, the importance in Indigenous health care should be imparted to one and all. A critical multicultural access brings out the cultural differences within the broader link of power relations. It
From then on, Gilbert was brought up by his eldest sister. He managed to attend school but dropped out at age 14, just after completing his fifth grade. After this, he sought employment and managed to secure seasonal
The researcher insists that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women have high rates of maternal health problems compared to the non-indigenous groups in NSW. They have higher rates of teenage birth, high numbers of women not attending clinic, high rates of perinatal mortality, and high rate of low birth weight.