Anemia is a condition in which a patient has a reduced number of blood cells occasioned by a deficiency in the bodys mineral salts that are necessary for production of hemoglobin. The process generally follows three stages where the iron deficiency begins, hemoglobin is affected…
clude fatigue, numbness and jaundice while the more severe symptoms include dizziness extremely high blood pressure, and heart attacks (Garrison 241). For successful diagnosis, it is crucial that the medical officer introspects into your medical history and family health records since anemia for instance sickle cell can be genetically acquired. They will then check for the aforementioned signs and carry out tests, which may include; complete blood count (CBC), measuring the levels of vitamin B12 and Folate on rare occasions, the doctor may take a sample of bone marrow.
The doctor will then administer treatment depending on the cause including fluids and blood transfusions in most cases, anemia caused by loss of blood can be treated by treating the cause of blood loss. Today, advanced methods of treating anemia are being developed such as gene therapy and bone marrow transfer and while still in the early stages they portend consummate improvements in the field(Garrison 2009).
Ultimately, the treatment and prognosis of Anemia are relative to the severity, when it caused by bleeding such as an ulcer, one is likely to recover. When treated in the early stages, it is more likely to be cured, however, in elderly people it is more difficult to remedy than with the younger ...
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(Anemia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
“Anemia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/539682-anemia.
The term sickle cell comes from the sickle shape or the crescent type shape of the affected hemoglobin molecules. It is caused due to a change in just a single nucleotide in a DNA molecule out of a billion others present in the cells of the human body. It may seem like a minor change but the effect is disastrous.
This sickling of the cells is caused due to a change in one of the nucleotides of a DNA molecule out of the billion other cells present in the human body. This change may seem minor, but the results are disastrous. A person affected with sickle cell anemia inherits a mutated or recessive allele from both the parents.
Red blood cells flow in our body through substance and they carry oxygen known as haemoglobin, and Platelets make the clots in the blood.
Iron is the key nutrient which will keep the red blood cells to store and carry oxygen to every part of the body. So if there is a lack of oxygen in the body, the organs and tissues will not get sufficient oxygen in the body as they normally do.
Insufficient iron in the diet is regularly seen in undeveloped countries, but is also prevalent on low income communities of countries where there is widespread industry and in which the average standard of living is high. Anemia may result from iron depletion and, frequently, it develops gradually with minor or no symptoms.
This process causes damage to the red blood cell membrane and sometimes the red blood cells get attached in blood vessels. This attachment or adherence of the red blood cells deprives the tissues of oxygen causing ischemia and infarction.The disease is chronic with periodic painful attacks,damage of internal organs with complications of strokes and subsequent shortened lifespan.The average life span of sickle cell patients is just 40 years.
Under the condition of severe anemia, iron injections are preferred choice so that the supply of the iron can be fulfilled at faster pace to make healthy red blood cells. Low iron levels usually are due to blood loss, poor diet, or an inability to absorb enough iron from food.
Statistics show that more than three million people are anemic in the United States and women and individuals with terminal conditions are more susceptible to the condition. Three major factors have been identified to cause anemia. Excessive loss of blood through such