In other words, nephrotic syndrome is an indication of presence of a disease or various diseases, which are damaging the kidneys or in particular a group of vessels which filter the blood. The main cause of nephrotic syndrome is the damage to the filtering section of the kidneys which may result from another disease or disorder. These diseases affect the kidneys leading to them leaking the proteins in the blood into the urine. The causes of this disorder can not be specifically pointed out. Minimal change disease, which is common in children, is one main cause of nephrotic syndrome. This is disorder which interferes with the normal functioning of the kidney, but when the kidney is observed under a microscope, it appears to be normal. Hepatitis and malaria are two diseases, which cause thickening of walls of the vessels filtering blood in the kidneys. The thickening of the walls is linked to the two mentioned diseases as well as cancer. Another cause of kidney failure well known is the diabetic kidney disease. This is diabetes which affects the kidneys, and it leads to damages which affect the filtering vessels. Sometimes blood clots in the kidney vein, and this is a main cause of nephrotic syndrome. These blood clots block the veins connected to the kidneys causing the condition. Heart failure has also been rated high amongst the main causes of nephrotic syndrome. They include some forms of heart failure such as constrictive pericarditis and severe right heart failure. Symptoms of the disorder Nephrotic syndrome disorder is characterized by various symptoms, which indicate the presence of the disorder. As it has been explained above, the condition is caused by excess presence of proteins in the urine and reduction of the same in the blood. The importance of proteins in the blood stream is to absorb the water. Deficit of proteins in the blood stream causes water to accumulate in the body tissues causing swellings. These swellings are commonly seen around the eyes, ankles, and feet. This is one of the main signs of nephrotic syndrome. The second symptom of the disorder is the production of frothy urine. This is caused by the excess proteins in the urine (Abuelo, 204). The retention of water in the body causes the affected person to gain weight indicating the presence of the disorder. Treatments of this disorder Nephrotic syndrome disorder can be treated or controlled if the diseases underlying the kidney damages are treated. Control of blood pressure reduces the amount of proteins released in urine. Controlling blood pressure is one method of treating this disorder. Another treatment measure is water pills, which controls the swellings by increasing the kidney’s fluid output. It helps the kidneys to release the excess water in the body reducing the swellings and treating the condition. Another form of treatment is reducing the cholesterol level in the blood using medications like statins. One of the major causes of the disorder is blood clots in the veins leading to the kidneys. There are medications which reduces the blood’s ability to clot called anticoagulants. Examples of these anticoagulants include heparin and warfarin. Subjecting the immune system to mediation reduces the inflammations associated with some kidney diseases like membranous nephropathy. Nursing Considerations for this disorder Nursing considerations for nephrotic syndrome is extremely crucial towards the process of
Author Tutor Course Date Nephrotic Syndrome Nephrotic syndrome is a condition where the kidney blood vessels, which filter dirt from the blood, get damaged, allowing through towering particles like proteins. This causes urine to have proteins consequently leading to low protein level in the blood…
This condition results in acute failure like injuries, accidents, or in some situations surgeries complications causing the kidney to be deprived of its normal blood flow. In addition to these internal effects of the acute renal failure to the patients, there are external effects of the disease which have proved to be even more difficult to deal with.
Title: Essay 2 – Renal (Human Physiology and Anatomy) Introduction: The kidneys represent important organs in the body of human beings. It has the responsibility of urine preparation, thereby allowing toxic substances and water to get removed from the body.
The two types of dialysis include the peritoneal and the hemodialysis. The peritoneal dialysis uses the peritoneal cavity in the filtration process whereas in hemodialysis, the filtration process occurs through the dialysis machine. Both methods are beneficial for patients and depending on recommendations of medical practitioners, the appropriate method of dialysis can be used for the patient.
These experiences are often noted observed by people who suffered from some chronic illnesses such as diabetes, various type of cancer, arthritis and renal failure.
An individual's diet, lifestyle and habits may contribute to acquiring various diseases.
Urine tests include Na and creatinine concentration and microscopic analysis of sediment; acidosis, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, and anemia." (Merck Manuals, 2005) The physician may also order an ultrasound scan to determine the degree of obstruction or damage to the kidneys.
The constituents that make up the membrane are type- 4 collagen, laminin, polyanionic proteoglycans, fibronectin, entactin and several other glycoproteins and collagen (Alper, 2007). The main supra structure is formed by type- 4 collagen to which other glycoproteins
The podocytes cover this area. The podocyte cell bodies being large and voluminous, bulge into the urinary space. The foot processes of the podocyte affixes the podocyte to the capillaries. These processes of neighbouring podocytes interdigitate allowing the
Several health care providers are needed in the care of a patient undergoing insertion of a dialysis graft. A surgeon is needed to create the access using a tube that is implanted in the arm. A laboratory technician is also of importance in the care of such a patient to carry out blood tests so as to ensure the dialysis prescription is favorable.
1 pages (250 words)Essay
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