The prevention and control of antibiotic associated diarrhea and clostridium difficile infection Antibiotic-associated diarrhea is a frequent movement of watery bowel (diarrhea) that occurs in response to medications used for treating bacterial infections (antibiotics). It…
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These are diseases that are very threatening in someone’s life and so they need prevention and control especially in elderly patients (Poutanen. and Simor, 2008).
According to researchers, Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea is a nosocomial infection that occurs after antimicrobial treatment (Jennie et al, 2001). Affected patients excrete large numbers of clostridium difficile spores. These spores survive for many months in the environment. They cannot be destroyed by hand disinfection and thus persist despite usual environmental cleaning agents. These factors increase the risk of transmission of C. difficile. The researchers (Jennie et al, 2001) did a quantitative study and came up with the results and conclusion to show the part of environmental measures to prevention of AAD and D. Difficile disease. Researchers found out that infection control measures as well as Restrictive antibiotic policies have indicated to reduce Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) incidence among the patients that are hospitalized. It well known that since time memorial, the environmental disinfectants role in reducing nosocomial CDAD rates has not been studied well.
Jennie et al, (2001) conducted a study (before and after intervention) whereby patients in 3 units had to be evaluated in order to ascertain if the solution of unbuffered 1:10 hypochlorite was effective in terms of environmental disinfectant in reducing the CDAD incidence. Basing on the results, it was observed that amongst 4252 patients with bone marrow transplant, the CDAD incidence rate decreased substantially from 8.6 to 3.3 cases per 1000 patients-days (in this case, the hazard ratio was 0.37; at 95% confidence interval, 0.19–0.74) after switching of the disinfectants from quaternary ammonium to 1:10 hypochlorite solution in the patients’ room that had CDAD. When it was reverted later to ...
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According to the study it is clear that oral hygiene is tantamount to other forms of hygiene in terms of disease prevention. It was noted that mechanically ventilated patients, especially those in ICU and neurologic states are at higher risk of VAP because of conducive factors such as mouth dryness, open mouth, lowered degrees of consciousness and secretions through microaspiration.
Presently, the greatest environmental threat facing the globe is climate change (‘‘Carbon capture and storage in the light of circulation economics", 2008, p. 115). Climate change is caused by increased levels of greenhouse gases sin the atmosphere with carbon dioxide being the significant gas causing global warming.
. A literature review was therefore conducted on the compliance of patients with diabetes type 2 and the role of nursing interventions in improving compliance. The databases searched were CINAHL, British Nursing Index, ASSIA and The Cochrane Library.
The bleach not only kills the algae but everything else that is present in that environment. It is necessary for people taking antibiotics to alternate with probiotics because antibiotics kill beneficial bacteria along with the bacteria causing the illness”.
Working with substance-dependent patients can be very difficult but usually fulfilling. Patients with issues of substance misuse frequently show varied and complicated health requirements and addressing these obliges the nurse to use professional and personal skills to build productive solutions to complex health issues.
The stages of standard wound treatment entails homeostasis, swelling, reproduction, and adaptation. Every stage of wound healing is distinctive, even though the procedure involved is continuous with every stage overlying the subsequent one. For triumphant wound healing, one needs enough supply of blood and nutrients to the site of harm.
The author states that there are many attributions to infection or diseases, for example, different microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and prions. These microorganisms result in a wide variety of infections. Such infections include urinary tract, wounds, respiratory, blood, bone and skin infections.
Alexander (2011) linked the similarity in cases of stroke and ITA to similarity in pathophysiology and clinical manifestations as well. Rashid, Leonardi-Bee and Bath (2013)
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