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5 Year Old Children Asthma: Nursing Care Plan. - Essay Example
Pages 7 (1757 words)
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease which is a considerable drain on healthcare resources in terms of costs, manpower, morbidity and mortality. Chronic diseases like asthma are best managed with a collaborative effort between physicians, nursing staff, patients and their family members…
As a part of optimal care, it is essential to formulate a nursing care plan for each patient, which includes assessment and diagnosis of the patient’s condition, identifying the goals of the management, interventions and management plan to achieve those goals and the rationale behind these interventions, expected outcomes and discharge and home care guidance. However, prior to formulation of the nursing care plan, the basic pathophysiology of asthma has to be understood. Pathophysiology of asthma Asthma is characterized by hyperreactive airways associated with partially or completely reversible airway obstruction. There is chronic and recurrent inflammation of the airways and airway obstruction results mainly because of airway narrowing caused by smooth muscle constriction in response to various stimuli. Additional obstruction occurs because of plugging of airways with mucous plugs (Mitchell, Kumar, Abbas, & Fausto, 2006). Because the airways are hyperreactive, a large number of otherwise normal stimuli become the instigators of a cycle of inflammatory cells activation. ...
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