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Research Name Institution Introduction Diabetes has consistently placed a challenge in its management owing to the increase in prevalence of the disease in the United States and other countries globally. Past statistics by the Center for Disease Control revealed that the prevalence rate by 2008 was 18.1 million patients in the United States.
Within the adult cohort by 2010, statistics indicate that 79 million people above the age of 20 had diabetes (Center for Disease Control, 2010). Hemoglobin A1c as a Diagnostic Tool for Diabetes Screening and New-Onset Diabetes Prediction In recognition of the fact that diabetes is a leading cause heart related diseases, kidney malfunction and blindness; concerted efforts have been dedicated to conventional early diagnostic measures. To this end, the American Diabetes Association has conducted research on the Hemoglobin A1c (Choi et al. 2011). The research conducted has been based on establishing it as an early diagnostic tool for screening diabetes as well as new onset prediction. The research came against the backdrop of knowledge that certain cut off levels of A1c were effective in screening diabetes. Consequently, the research’s objective was to evaluate the feasibility of A1c levels during screening of undiagnosed diabetes. Furthermore, the research sought to establish A1c levels as an indicator of diabetes in a cohort population with a 6 year incident period (Choi et al. 2011). Research Design and Tools The research design incorporated a total of 10, 038 participants taken from Ansung Ansan population study (Choi et al. 2011). ...
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