They render service that will determine the patient’s safety and wellbeing. Burnout experienced by nurses would threaten, not only the patient’s safety, but also decrease the quality of care rendered. There is an ongoing shortage of nurses in the United States that contributes to the incidence of nursing burnout and impacts the over-all health care delivery system. As the functionality of a reduced nursing staff will decline should the prevailing working conditions continue. The major shortage today is escalating just as when patients are needing more complex care and demand for services are seldom unmet (Joint Commission on Accrediation of Healthcare Organizations, 2002). The opportunities in employment for registered nurses have been projected to be higher than any other discipline. Yet, a major shortage is still seen in the near future. This is caused by the deficiency in the number of nursing faculty and colleges and universities that are unable to take advantage of the unusually high number of qualified applicants due to financial constraints. There is a need for the government to step in to review policies and increase public subsidies (Aiken, Cheung, & Olds, 2009). The Causes There are several causes that contribute to the incidence of nursing burnout. One is the current nursing shortage has a high impact on the nursing profession. The nursing profession has always been regarded as stress-filled having to deal with manual labor, human suffering, rotating work shifts and various interpersonal relationships (Jennings, 2008). As the nurse is always on the frontline of patient interaction, they are the direct recipient of stress from situations of death and illness. The present inability to produce sufficient amount of registered nurses due to the limitations in school admissions compounds the situation. The population of aging nurse practitioners is now slowly being led to nursing burnout to compensate the inadequate staffing in hospitals (Bartels, 2001). Another cause for nursing burnout is the stress that is made complex by work, marriage and children. Work life is seldom independent from family life and this dependency is where conflict sometimes arises. This situation is predominantly felt by female nurses as they would have juggle the roles in their life like wife, daughter, mother and friend aside from being a nurse that should provide the best possible care for their patients. It’s Implication to the Nursing Field Due to the reduced number of nursing practitioners it is now a common practice to go on twelve hour shifts to allow them a 3-day work week thus giving more opportunity for work-life balance. Studies conducted by University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing claim that hospital nurses working on ten hour shifts or more are more prone to experience burnout and job dissatisfaction (Penn Nursing Science, 2012). There is an organizational need for nurses to go on overtime, rotating shifts or consecutive days lead to fatigue that eventually affects their job performance. The exhaustion and low energy that overwhelms the nurse that in turn affects the quality of care they render to the patients. The demand for acute care service is increasing in hospitals and thus need optimal nursing care. The reality of having fewer nurses to respond to this need is a precarious situation for patients and hospitals. The combination of very few nurses and nursing support personnel plus the paper work and other administrative duty
Impact of Burnout in the Nursing Field Date Impact of Burnout in the Nursing Field Introduction Burnout, by definition, is a state of emotional, mental and physical exhaustion caused by prolonged and excessive stress (Smith, Segal, & Segal, 2012)…
Consequently, looking back the time immemorial, one can affirm that emotional intelligence or at least, some of its domain was known thousands of years ago. Emotional intelligence is defined as the combination of emotional and intellectual ability to understand our emotion and manage it, perceive others emotions, and interact with them accordingly (Amendolair, 2003 and Kooker et al., 2007).
Burnout is typically characterized by periods of prolonged stress, feeling worn down, low energy, lack of enthusiasm for the job that is given to you, feeling depression even at small failures in the job and not wanting to work any longer.
The changing health care climate causes stress for nurses. In addition, nurses may pick up the sadness of clients, called shadow grief which can lead to burnout. Interpersonal problems experienced by health professionals clearly reveal that reactions to emotionally laden situations interfere with ability to act effectively.
Chapter two will give the justification of the subject choice. Clifford (1997) supports this by stating that at the beginning of any research study there is a need to clarify the area of study and make a clear statement of what is seen as the research problem.
The impact of this shift has much more ramification in nursing than in other departments of life. Nursing, par excellence, is a total commitment to more or less helpless men and women, and devoid of humanness, the profession cannot be done at all. Recently the profession of health care has undergone amazing changes and the development of science and technology has given the nurses varied tools in the service of mankind.
Burnout in particular nurses can be seen in under or overeating or using alcohol or even drug substances. The most spread physical symptoms experienced by these people are chronic disease, high blood pressure and regular headaches. Some people on the edge of burnout in fact become fixated workaholics.