In the paper “Non-pharmacological and pharmacological methods” the author analyzes integrated practice evidence on use of non-pharmacological methods such as, jaw relaxation, relaxation breathing and music in comparison with pharmacological methods in reducing the level of pain.
Fakhar et al. (2013) aimed to measure the pain anxiety related to change of dressing in admitted burn patients with age ranging from 18 to 60 years. The inclusion was only of 2nd degree burns (9-35% Total Body Surface Area-TBSA) and other burn degrees were excluded. Inclusion criteria meant people who are representative of the study and exclusion criteria meant people who may cause bias or hurt themselves. It is an experimental randomized clinical trial (RCT) with two groups. RCT is on the second top of hierarchy besides RCT can affect the decision-making if the sample size is calculated appropriately. RCTs are the useful trials that could admit the generalization of cause and affect relationships between intervention introduced and outcome measure.
Sample size was estimated using power analysis to have a representative group. This power analysis helps to estimate the sample needed in experimental and control groups to support the findings as outlined by Burns and Grove (2009). The experimental group used jaw relaxation technique while the control group used usual medication care only without specifying it as this counted a weakness against the study. Randomization of allocation is done to ensure similarities in groups with a six months’ time period. Experimental group was taught to master jaw relaxation for 20 minutes and then asked to rate their pain anxiety level before dressing and again 15-20 minutes after the dressing. ...
Cite this document
(“Non-pharmacological and pharmacological methods Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/nursing/788742-non-pharmacological-and-pharmacological-methods
(Non-Pharmacological and Pharmacological Methods Essay)
“Non-Pharmacological and Pharmacological Methods Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/788742-non-pharmacological-and-pharmacological-methods.
The efficiency of this group has reinforced the belief that serotonin level disorders are the predominant pathophysiological change precipitating the onset of affective disorders. These drugs increase extracellular serotonin levels by inhibiting serotonin reuptake into the presynaptic cells.
The research questions are: What are the different strategies for stress reduction? Why are these strategies important in daily life? What are the implications of stress reduction strategies? Does demographic variable have any influence on the selection of strategies?
Music therapy is one of these alternatives. The study will use an experimental methodology of dividing a randomized sample population into control and experimental groups. The experimental group will receive a therapeutic regimen over the course of 12 weeks.
The main symptoms of panic disorder are faintness, instability of feelings, trembling or shaking, shortness of breath, nausea or distress, headaches or chest pains, paresthesias or inadequate emotional reactions, associated with fear of death or ‘crazy’ or inappropriate acts (Bushnell, 1998).
Different treatment approaches of disorders become possible because the causes of disorders are different, like behavior oriented or psycho-social dependant or a personality disorder in the concerned individual
This paper was a prospective study conducted in a 10-month period in an urban Emergency Medical Services system with paramedics working with standing orders before physician radio contact (Furlong, et.al., 1995, p. 383). Patients who already had a
The persons present in the examination were area midwives and expectant mothers. The focus was on the women awareness of the methods of labor analgesia and their familiarity during labor as they use the service.
Non-pharmacologic method of pain reduction is meant to prevent suffering. A woman in labor may experience suffering without pain which mainly involves psychological elements such as distress or loss of control (Klossner 2006). This