This article aims at information regarding Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, including pathophysiological conditions, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up in the management of the disease. Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (T2DM) is the most common type of the disorder…
Glucose is the major source of energy and is often derived from food and the liver’s ability to manufacture glucose from its glycogen stores. During the first phase of the disease, insulin secretion is regulated with the balanced production and output of glucose by the liver. The defects of the beta-cell function, results in the loss of inhibitory effects (Daniels & Nicoll, 2011). During a carbohydrate load from a meal, glucose production by the liver is not a requirement, however, owing to the loss of inhibitory effects, the liver continues to produce glucose thus contributing to a state of hyperglycemia in the body (Daniels & Nicoll, 2011). In the pre-diabetes state, the high glucose levels build up over the years and eventually triggers insulin secretion (hyperinsulinemia), for the purposes of regulating blood glucose and to counteract the tissues that are resistant to insulin. During the second phase, the beta-cells continue to secrete high levels of insulin for years to regulate blood glucose levels. Eventually, the beta-cells failure occurs resulting in a decrease in insulin production. These slow and stealthy pathophysiologic changes in type 2 diabetes occur gradually taking up to 20 years to develop (Daniell & Nicoll, 2011). There are a number of identifiable risk factors of diabetes. These factors include obesity, old age, family history of diabetes, and history of gestational diabetes, insulin resistance, impaired glucose metabolism, physical inactivity and less than optimum intrauterine environment. ...
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(Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/817608-diabetes-mellitus-type-2.
A 45 year old female presented with symptoms of fatigue, hunger, increased thirst, increased urination, blurred vision and numbness in the hands and feet. Early diagnoses revealed that the patient is suffering from diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM 2) and has long term complications of diabetes mellitus type 2.
Globally, 346 million people suffer from diabetes and World Health Organisation estimates that mortality rates due to diabetes will double between 2005 and 2030. In England, the prevalence of diabetes in 2009/10 was determined to be 4.3 per cent
Appropriate interventions for the patient will be identified based on the behavior and the condition of the patient through evidence-based literature. 1.1 Diabetes: Overview A group of clinical syndromes characterized by hyperglycemia secondary to relative or absolute insulin deficiency is known as diabetes mellitus (DM) (Votey, 2005).
(Mycek, 2007). Diabetes is usually divided into two types, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 1 diabetes mellitus and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 2 diabetes mellitus or Adult onset diabetes. (Boylan, 2007) Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes accounting 85-90% of all people with diabetes.
The other type that will form the center of focus in this essay is type 2 diabetes mellitus, also called non-insulin dependent diabetes. The disease has often been associated with old age. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized as a metabolic disorder, the pancreas produces some insulin but the hormone is unable to control the glucose levels in the blood.
Levels of thyroxine, triiodothyronine and thyroid stimulating hormones are checked basically for hyper and hypo thryroidism. The basal metabolic rate is also determined because it increases greatly in hyperthyroidism whereas in hypothyroidism it is reduced.
numbers of type II diabetics and children corresponds with the increasing prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents(Strayer, Pravikoff, 2009). This is true in children and adults as well as adolescents today . The United States is number one on the list for the number of
Type II diabetes mallitus is a familial disease in some cases where it runs in families. In such cases, it is most commonly a result of weight gain. Obesity is a major risk factor for type II diabetes mallitus in those
The disease normally affects insulin, whereby not enough insulin is produced to handle blood sugar level (Braham, 2011). This disease commonly affects adults but recently there has been increase in the number of children being infected with it (Goldstein, 2013).
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