The present study focuses on the issue of medication errors in healthcare services, considering the role of the prescribers, the nurses, the pharmacies as well as the patients. It is necessary to understand that all of these parties need to be equally responsible for avoiding medication errors…
Medication errors that can lead to harmful effects on the patients can be prevented if nurses take the proper responsibilities of safety and reporting. Medication errors, particularly related to nursing, are defined as the errors that might lead to improper use of medication, causing harm to the patients, when the patient is in charge of some healthcare professional or nurses (Medication Errors, 2013). Medication Errors, Safety, Prevention, and Reporting:While medication errors may occur at any place, it has been found that the errors most commonly occur even when patients are in charge of any doctor, in nursing homes, under the case of nurses. It is highly essential and recommended to consult doctors before taking any medication in order to avoid harmful effects or injuries resultant from wrong medications. An example of medication error is intake of a prescription painkiller along with a non-prescription painkiller. In such cases, the dosage exceed the limit that should be taken and thus cause damage to the livers. Thus safety measures need to be taken in order to avoid such errors in medication. Having a proper communication between the doctor and the nurses is one of the safest ways to clearly understand which drug is being provided to the patients (Medication Errors and Safety, 2010).It has been obtained that such medication errors can be prevented if certain cautious measures are considered. In many cases, the doctor may prescribe a wrong medicine, or the pharmacist may provide with a wrong drug. In such cases the nurses take the role to catch the wrong being taking place and protect the patients from the wrong treatments. However, when nurses make such mistakes themselves, they might have to pay for their mistakes. It can be considered that nurses being humans, mistakes might occur by them as well. Thus it is necessary to take certain steps that can at least minimize such mistakes, particularly when the lives of patients are at cost. For this purpose, there are certain rights of medication administration that if followed by the nurses can prevent such errors (Lampert, 2012).
These rights include checking with two identifiers to ensure that the right medication is being provided to the intended patients. The names and the dates of birth of the patients should be checked in such cases along with checking the history of the patient. Checking the medication is another step that ensures that the intended medication is only provided and has not been mistaken with any other drug. The nurses should also check the appropriateness of the medication, and also the correctness of the amounts of the medications being offered to the patients (Lampert, 2012). These are some of the medication administration rights that need to be followed effectively by nurses in order to avoid medication errors.
Some of the other preventive measures that can avoid medication ...
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Running Head: Medication Errors. Medication Errors Name: Course Title: Instructor’s Name: Institution: Date: Abstract There is a high prevalence of medication errors which result from a number of reasons such as wrong diagnosis, drug selection, prescription, transcription, labeling and packaging-just to mention but a few.
Medication errors have led to premature demise of considerable number of patients annually. Medication faults that lead to loss of life or injury among outpatients and inpatients have become a critical and a costly predicament that have propelled health regulatory agencies, governmental organizations, and private health providers to seek viable means of alleviating such preventable errors.
Many people die every year due to this issue. The main aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of the nurses’ responsible attitude towards this issue. Nurses should be responsible for what they do and what they have done. Moreover, nurses should practice some good techniques to help prevent the rise of any such kind of situation.
In the research conducted by Cohen (2007), medical errors have claimed a huge percentage of funds and lives in the globe today. It is in this light therefore, that nurses must be keen to ensure that they are well conversant with their roles in minimization of medical errors.
This is a situation where either the drugs given are wrong or the procedure used contravenes the standard way of providing healthcare, which causes harm to the patient or even worse death. The most common medication errors are related with the administering of an incorrect dose of medicine largely due to wrongly understood prescription.
Medication errors involve failure to prescribe the appropriate therapeutic drug. In addition, they can also involve errors in the components and the synthesis of the drug. Medical errors can be broadly classified from a psychological perspective into mistakes and skill based errors.
As stated by Brailer (2005), the staffs and medical technology that go into American medicine may be the best in the world, but the care that comes out the other side is beset by enough mistakes to make medical error the third leading cause of death, behind heart disease
The organizations should establish policies of medication administration (Choo and Bucknall, 2010). Tasks can be adequately performed with the availability of sufficient personnel. To achieve this, reasonable working hours and workload levels should be established. Drug
der and Moreno (2012) refer to medical error as the failure of an action to be completed as planned or the application of a wrong plan to attain the intended objective. Rogers, Dean, Hwang and Scott (2008) further argue that registered nurses have the critical responsibility of
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