The purpose of this discourse is to attempt to qualify such research in order to enable evidence based practice. Here, the author aims to critically appraise a research carried out in a community hospital titled “Nurse Staffing Is an Important Strategy to Prevent Medication Errors in Community Hospitals” by Frith et al (2012). Consecutively, the research will examine the research problem, the literature review, ethical considerations, sampling and sample, the research design and analysis. Finally, the paper concludes with an appraisal of how the research methods and authors’ discussion addressed the research question. Research Problem Frith et al (2012) carried out a study to examine the relationship between nurse staffing and the rate of medication errors. The authors point out that although ensuring medication safety is a preserve of all healthcare providers such as the pharmacist, doctor and nurse; it is the nurse who is likely the final contact between the patient and an error. Nurses often perform many duties and giving medication is just one of those duties, which is often hampered with interruptions and failure is always possible. In relation to that, Hendrich et al. (2008) demonstrated that nurses spent 35% of nursing practice time on documentation activities and less than 20% on caring for patients. This time demands create inefficiencies and delays in care, which increases the chances of medication errors. Elganzouri, Standish &Androwich (2009) established that during every administration of medication, interruptions were caused by other personnel, misplaced medication or further patient needs. In instances where the nurses are few relative to patient needs, Kalisch, Landstrom & Williams (2009) observed that nurses often neglected to follow some steps or took shortcuts to accomplish tasks, which may compromise patient safety. Additionally, other research studies have shown that several nursing students lack good numeracy skills or are apprehensive about mathematical skills at undergraduate level (Brown, 2002; Glaister2005; Greenfield et al, 2006; Jukes & Gilchrist 2006; Sredl 2006) and also postgraduate levels (Calliari 1995; Harne?Britner et al 2006). This often translate into nurses who do not know how to calculate drug dosages correctly (Polifroni et al 2003; King 2004; Ferri and Snyder 2005; Grandell?Niemi et al 2006). This factor is important as it brings a contradiction to the authors’ premise that an increase in the number of registered nurses (RNs) rather than licensed practitioner nurses (LPNs) translates in fewer medication errors simply because they are more educated. Purpose of the Research The purpose of carrying out this research has been clearly stated by Frith et al (2012) as examining the relationship between nurse staffing and the incidence of medication errors on medical-surgical units. Considerable research has been conducted in this field, but no conclusive evidence has been realized in identifying effective staffing levels to optimize patient care and reduce errors (Schmalenberg & Kramer, 2009). The purpose can be accomplished as the researchers aimed to match staffing data e.g. nursing hours per equivalent
Name Student’s Registration Number Introduction When it comes to patient care, it is absolutely essential that care givers are able to provide current best practices in conducting their job. This is aided by proper understanding of current research trends and reports in order to put it into practice…
Running Head: Medication Errors. Medication Errors Name: Course Title: Instructor’s Name: Institution: Date: Abstract There is a high prevalence of medication errors which result from a number of reasons such as wrong diagnosis, drug selection, prescription, transcription, labeling and packaging-just to mention but a few.
Medication errors have led to premature demise of considerable number of patients annually. Medication faults that lead to loss of life or injury among outpatients and inpatients have become a critical and a costly predicament that have propelled health regulatory agencies, governmental organizations, and private health providers to seek viable means of alleviating such preventable errors.
Specifically, the objectives of this project are: 1. To correlate staffing ratios to medication errors 2. To educate staff on how to prevent medication errors 3. To learn how to report a medication error 4. To identify common medication errors due to short staffing Project Description: Patient safety and well-being is the primary purpose of health care systems.
Traditionally, doctors were the only professionals involved in prescribing, but now, nurses and pharmacists are also involved in prescription other than just taking care of patients (Courtenary and Griffiths, 2010). Majority of medical errors occur during prescription stage and this can be avoided by the use of electronic prescribing.
This is a situation where either the drugs given are wrong or the procedure used contravenes the standard way of providing healthcare, which causes harm to the patient or even worse death. The most common medication errors are related with the administering of an incorrect dose of medicine largely due to wrongly understood prescription.
While the financial and economic issues remain considerable, the professional issues are undeniable. Many healthcare professionals are involved in patient care since healthcare is essentially collaborative share of care involving physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and many other personnel.
The research targeted 284 nursing units covering a period of six months. Its effectiveness depended on the choice of structure used. The structure used was reliable and goal oriented. Three sources were used to derive the
working in hospitals that are employing magnet recognition program, are aspiring to employ the program and also in hospitals having no intention of opting for this program. The study made use of Individual Workload Perception Scale for the analysis and made use of nurses from