Schizophrenia – Literature Review [Professor Name] Schizophrenia – Literature Review Issues regarding voluntary and involuntary patients and health acts The mental health act of 1990 (NSW) makes it mandatory for all individuals with a mental disorder to obtain treatment for their illness…
These patients are usually confused about their medications, their discharge and their rights under the Act. The Act makes it mandatory for a patient to take his or her medication. But according to the Act the patient also has a right to know the type of medication he is on. If a patient is capable of making a sound decision and poses no threat to himself or the people around him, under the influence of a drug or medication, then that person cannot be detained as an involuntary patient. However, in most cases the patient is unaware of this fact and is forced to move into an institution. Hospitals and mental institutions are required to provide an interpreter to foreign patients who have trouble understanding English, so that when the patient’s rights are read to him he understands them properly. Most institutions are not equipped with such facilities and are the least bit bothered with what the patient understands (McCullough, 1992). Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a mental condition where the patient is unaware of his environment and has trouble differentiating reality from fiction. The patient also suffers from lack of appropriate emotional response. Schizophrenic patients usually have to be taken care of by someone else as they are unable to perform event the simplest of tasks. Hallucinations and losing touch with reality is one of the major symptoms of schizophrenia. Loss of speech and poor hygiene are also common in schizophrenic patients. In some extreme cases the patient loses his ability to speak and makes no interaction with anyone. Schizophrenia usually strikes a person either in their early childhood or in their early adulthood, when the person is in his late teens or early twenties. Nurse management of schizophrenia A nurse has the ability to asses a mental patient. An interview with the patient shows the nurse all the symptoms the patient possesses. No emotions and inability to conversate properly are the first signs a nurse should look for in a schizophrenic patient. Isolation and history of attempted suicide or violence lead to the conclusion that the patient might be a danger to himself and others. The nurse should see how much knowledge does a family has regarding schizophrenia, and if they have the ability to emotionally and physically support the patient. A recent survey showed that the trend for hiring nurses to take care of schizophrenic patients is rising. The author also believes that proper education, treatment and proper coping could help reduce the burden of the care provider. Mental health nurses also help the family to learn to live with the patient through family behavioral programs that in the end would contribute positively to the health of the patient. Moreover, the study suggests that for learning the true impact that nurses can have on patients more research must be put into this topic (Macleod et al., 2008). Treatments for the two patients For anxiety disorder the common medications are beta blockers, antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications. The beta blockers are used to help patients control any involuntary movement that may occur. Antidepressants would help the patient cope with the depression that she feels. The antidepressants would put her mind in a state of calmness and counterbalance the effects of ...
Cite this document
(“Mental health schizophrenia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/nursing/86456-mental-health-schizophrenia
(Mental Health Schizophrenia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Mental Health Schizophrenia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/86456-mental-health-schizophrenia.
The paper uses quantitative studies to determine the exact prevalence or incidence of pessimism among the community mental health team on the recovery of people with schizophrenia and the need of their parents for emotional support and the qualitative studies - to establish the problems exist even if reliable estimates of the problem’s prevalence and incidence are not immediately computable.
In most instances, the disorders have no cure. Due to this, medical practitioners focus on treatment which eases and lessens the effects of these disorders. In other instances, there are mild cases of brain disorders symptoms. In this scenario, the conditions are reversible.
This is a possible diagnosis because schizophrenia patients usually manifest anxiety, emotional distance, delusions, anger, and argumentativeness. In evaluating the patient’s behaviour, he seems to be manifesting these behaviours. He is pacing up and down the restaurant and is agitated and anxious; he also is emotionally distancing himself from his staff and friends, not wanting to be touched and disregarding their efforts to calm him down.
Throughout the human lifespan, the schizophrenia disorder has been a basis of bafflement. Initially, people who suffered from schizophrenia were presumed to be infested by evil spirits and were locked up, exiled, tormented or feared forever. Despite progress in comprehending schizophrenia causes, it continues to mystify health professionals.
Indeed, mental health comprises of the promotion of well-being, the curbing of mental disorders, and the treatment and control of the victims of mental disorders. As such, mental health influences our thinking, our moods, our association with others, our feelings, how we handle stress, how we make decisions, and our behavior (Savy & Sawyer, 2009).
One of the most significant issues that scholars have focused on through scientific investigations and discussions in various academic discourses is whether schizophrenia is a mental disease or a psychological condition that results from the emotional disposition of individuals.
A person suffering from this disease cannot distinguish between reality and hallucinations. It is also characterized by misleading and fixed beliefs, hallucinations, confused thinking and reason, uncoordinated speech and catatonic behavior.
de to determine if a person has schizophrenia, the diagnosis has to be made solely on the symptoms, especially if the person seems to have more than one.
Paranoid schizophrenia is quite similar to regular schizophrenia in the sense that the person does not have a firm grip on