All of the drugs manufactured for human consumption usually go through numerous tests that include epidemiological studies and clinical trials. This trials and studies are aimed at determining if the drugs are fir or safe for their consumption. …
An epidemiological study is the study of a population in order to determine and examine the relationship or correlation between certain segments of the population and their increased risk to disease due to expose to certain environmental exposure. This involves determining what factors related to diseases and the factors that might protect humans against the disease (Gallin, John and Frederick 15) Epidemiological studies are usually divided in two categories which are; Descriptive epidemiology which looks into a population by age group ,who gets affected by a disease, the rate and time at which the disease occurs and how often it occurs and the place where it occurs. Another one is analytical epidemiology which looks into finding out the causes of disease within a population by using cohort studies, case control studies and experimental studies giving attention to ideology. Bottom line, epidemiology largely relies on figures for finding out and quantifying the association between disease and the risk factors in order to establish if there is a common attendance of occurrence of certain diseases within a given geographical scope. Clinical trials on the other hand are the research studies that are carried out in order to confirm or denounce if a drug is fit for human consumption using designated or pre-defined rules. ...
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[Accessed on 13th April 2011]. Molecular epidemiology, a science that spotlights and employs genetic as well as environmental jeopardy to define, the etiology, distribution and prevention of disease in a family or in a given population. It is an amalgamation of molecular aspects and analytical epidemiological approaches.
Name Instructor’s Name Course Date Nutrition Essay Introduction Nutrition has been defined as the study of foods’ nutrients and chemical constituents and how it affects our health (Brown, 1-5). It has been the focus of many scientific investigations and media reports due to the effect it has on enhancing the quality of life through informing the public of unhealthy and healthy foods.
This essay highlights the scientific methods and steps, difference between epidemiological and clinical trial, the kind of results which can be obtained from factors studied in clinical and epidemiological sciences, considerations made by researchers when conducting clinical trial, and limitations that consumers should consider when reading a research work in the media.
This paper offers a critical review of epidemiological studies on obesity through identification and exploration of peer reviewed articles within the study’s scope. Criteria for selection The articles were retrieved from EbscoHost library, an online library that has peer-reviewed articles from different fields and industries.
Findings support the hypothesis that tuberculosis infection was introduced into Leeds west, Yorkshire by airborne transmission from the sputum of an infected individual. These findings also examine the effect of ethnicity and deprivation in regard to the prevalence rate of tuberculosis in the city of Leeds.
It contains many cancer causing chemicals, and almost one third of all cancer deaths are related to tobacco use. Tobacco smoking has generally been considered to have little or no association with breast cancer risk. Newer
yle measures like regular physical activity and abstinence from smoking and excessive alcohol helps in decreasing the incidence of these diseases (Sesagothy & Phillips 1999).
Most researchers consider lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet as standard vegetarian diet (Laino 2006, de Luis
coli refer to the study of the patterns and trends of the diseases caused by E. coli. In order to subjugate the deleterious health effects of E. coli bacteria, the foremost step is to fathom the frequency and distribution of diseases (Manning 2010).
Epidemiological studies have for a long time used the strong statistical association existing between a condition and a suspected risk factor to determine the credibility of the causal nature. The common criteria employed in such studies are a determination of prevalence (incidence) of the condition with regard to the exposed as compared to the unexposed.
Along with exposure to microbes, consumption of raw milk, which contains whey proteins, also contribute to immunity in children.
The aim of the present study is to discuss the evidences supporting the hypothesis that the children
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