Pages 7 (1757 words)
Describe the principles of palliative care and how they can be applied to chronic illness Introduction The term “palliative” is the derivative of Latin “palliare” meaning “to cloak” or to mask, to cover up, or to mitigate (Mitra & Vadivelu, 2013, p.
As a continuum, palliative care addresses the physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs of the patient and family which cannot be handled by one single agency lest it would cause fragmentation of care. It therefore follows multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary (integrative) care is the backbone of palliative care. With the integration of inputs from various disciplines in accordance with stage of the disease progression, pain and other symptoms, psychological state of patient and family, social and practical requirements and available resources, palliative care becomes a multifaceted care with the involvement of primary care and specialist doctors, nursing staff, social worker and many others in a coordinated manner ensuring continuity of care (Mitra & Vadivelu, 2013, p. 17). Thus, palliative care has been defined as the patient and family-centered one seeking to optimize their quality of life by treating their suffering which includes anticipation and prevention of the suffering by addressing their “physical, intellectual, emotional, social, and spiritual needs” (NCP, 2013, p. 12) throughout the continuum of illness “ensuring patient autonomy, access to information and choice” (NCP, 2013, p. ...