In addition, second children are subject to birth spacing of three or four years. If more children are born in the family, this will result in fines. It is reported that most families are required to "pay economic penalties and cannot receive bonuses from the birth control program (One Child Policy 2)." Privileges are given to children in one child families one of which is lower payment.
China's One Child Policy is in response to the high population growth during the 1970s when an average woman gave birth to six children. The large number of children becomes acceptable as "parents traditionally relied on a large number of offspring to provide an economic security blanket (Fong 1)." Another purpose of the initiative is to help the country "leapfrog from a Third-World economy to a First-World economy by mimicking the First World fertility and educational patterns."
The One Child Policy has a great impact in China. The Taipei Times report that it leaves the country with a huge shortage of women. During 1982, China's gender ratio had stayed relatively normal with 100 girls for every 108 boys.
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Population policies and campaigns are common to China. In fact, the emergence of these tight population control schemes dates back to 1950's. In the 1970s, the country launched the "One is good, two is ok and three is too many" campaign.
One Child Policy is undoubtedly one of the most extreme measures taken by the People's Republic of China to curb overpopulation…
single-child policy in 1979, which required each family to limit their child bearing to one, or face governmental sanctions and penalties (Evans, 2005). The government felt this was a necessity to increase economic and social development, and improve Chinese quality of life
With too many people, and with many more guaranteed in the near future, China would be unable to live comfortably within the boundaries of its resources. The population growth policy significantly decreases the
Al, “The Eﬀect of the One-Child Policy on Fertility in China: Identiﬁcation Based on the Diﬀerences-in-Diﬀerences”). The law was introduced by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, in order to restrict both the urban and rural couples to have more than a single child.
hment for failure to do so, it is still a problem to most of the people in the different parts of the country to have them follow the policy (Yardley 1). The different places find it difficult to follow the conditions of the policy because they find it contravening their culture
Population growth rate is critical to social and economic development. High population growth affects the rate at which an economy grows and/or develops. On the same note, overpopulation results in poor social standards and/or lifestyles. In this respect, China formulated and subsequently implemented the one-child policy in early 1980s.
The issues observed in the paper create a potentially difficult situation. All factors constant, an aging population will experience lower output growth per capita and a lower savings rate. Moreover, the elderly need care and support, and if these need financing, such financing will limit the resources available for alternative purposes.
The statistic shows that expenditures on health care sector rose from 580 million dollars to 2,400 million dollars after the introduction of the policy in question (Crabbe, 2014, p. 50). That is why might point out that
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