Theodor Adorno

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Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund Adorno (September 11, 1903 - August 6, 1969) was a German sociologist, philosopher, musicologist and composer (Theodor Adorno, 2006). He is best known as a member of the Frankfurt School, the casual name for a group of thinkers who work with the Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt, Germany.


Adorno was also influenced by Hegel, Kant, Heidegger and Lukas (Callaghan, 2000). Adorno was primarily a philosophical thinker. The label 'social philosopher' emphasises the socially critical aspect of his philosophical thinking, which from 1945 onwards took an intellectually well-known position in the critical theory of the Frankfurt School (Theodor Adorno, 2006). Adorno was greatly influenced by Walter Benjamin's application of Karl Marx's thought. However Adorno, along with other major Frankfurt School theorists such as Horkheimer and Marcuse, argued that advanced capitalism was able to contain or liquidate the forces that would bring about its collapse and that the revolutionary moment, when it would have been possible to change it into socialism, had passed. However, Adorno argued that capitalism had become more well-established through its attack on the objective basis of revolutionary consciousness and through liquidation of the individualism that had been the basis of critical consciousness (Theodor Adorno, 2006). Some of Adorno's assertions are:
AESTHETIC THEORY: Adorno asserts the "priority of the object in art," or what is called a materialist aesthetic, in contrast to the idealist aesthetic of Kant which privileges the subject over the object (Jarvis, 1998). For Kant, the experience of art is a product of the perceptions of the subject. ...
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